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Offline Isaac Adeniran

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Why ovarian cysts can cause infertility
« on: February 17, 2019, 09:43:22 AM »
Why ovarian cysts can cause infertility Interview  with an Expert



A gynaecologist, Dr. Olajide Kolawole, talks about ovarian cyst in this questions and answers

What is ovarian cyst?

Ovarian cyst is a condition. It can either be functional as a result of ovulation or pathological occurring as a result of benign chemotherapy. One can see ovarian cyst during menstrual cycle or at times in pregnancy.

Does it always have to do with swelling in the ovaries?

What happens with cyst is that there is water in a sac. It is a fluid-filled sac called a cyst that develops on one of the ovaries.

What are the types of ovarian cyst?

There are different types of cyst Ė it can be functional, which is normal and it can be pathological. The functional cyst is associated with pregnancy; they are part of the changes that occur in pregnancy. Functional cysts develop because of problems in the menstrual cycle. Most times, these cysts develop when either the follicle does not release the egg or the follicle does not discharge its fluid after the egg is released. There are also some malignant tumours that do not look like ovarian cyst but are not in any way related to pregnancy.

Does it mean that every pregnant woman has ovarian cyst?

It is not every pregnant woman that has ovarian cyst. It is associated with pregnancy but it does not occur in every pregnant women. Ovarian cyst occurs in like three out of 10 pregnant women.




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NaijaSky

Why ovarian cysts can cause infertility
« on: February 17, 2019, 09:43:22 AM »

Offline Isaac Adeniran

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Re: Why ovarian cysts can cause infertility
« Reply #1 on: February 17, 2019, 09:49:26 AM »
What are the symptoms of ovarian cyst?

Most of the times, ovarian cysts do not have any symptoms; they are non-symptomatic. However, on rare occasions, we can have ovarian cyst rupture, which can lead to abdominal pain and because it is a fluid in a sac, it can burst and also cause bleeding. It can become bloated. Dizziness, nausea, vomiting and low grade fever are some of the other common symptoms of ruptured cyst. But most of the times, there are usually no symptoms.

What causes ovarian cyst?

Although there are some factors like I said, earlier pregnancy is a risk factor for ovarian cyst but we cannot lay claim to the real cause of ovarian cyst.

How is it diagnosed?

Most times, there is really no special diagnosis; it is mostly an accidental finding during checkups. It can also be through pelvic ultrasound, radiological diagnosis and high index subscription.

What are some of the harm that it can cause in the body?

It can grow bigger and also lead to some complications. On very rare occasions, it can lead to cancer.

What is the link between ovarian cyst and infertility?

If complications arise from it, it can lead to infertility. But without the complications, it does not in any way have any link with infertility. Most of the times, it is functional cyst so it doesnít have anything to do with ovarian cyst.

Is it hereditary or genetic?

No, it is not hereditary. The fact that oneís mother or sister has ovarian cyst does not mean that one will have it too.




NaijaSky

Re: Why ovarian cysts can cause infertility
« Reply #1 on: February 17, 2019, 09:49:26 AM »

Offline Isaac Adeniran

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Re: Why ovarian cysts can cause infertility
« Reply #2 on: February 17, 2019, 09:50:15 AM »
How is ovarian cyst treated?

It is not something people should fear. Most people live with it for life and nothing happens to them. This is linked to some factors like type, size and symptoms of the cyst. Some of the treatments include:

Watchful waiting: In many cases, a patient can wait and be re-examined to see if the cyst goes away within a few months. This is typically an option regardless of the personís age. If there are no symptoms and an ultrasound shows that it is a simple, small, fluid-filled cyst, it would be recommended that such a patient gets follow-up pelvic ultrasounds at intervals to see if the cyst changes in size.

Medication: A hormonal contraceptives, such as birth control pills, may be recommended to keep ovarian cysts from recurring. However, birth control pills wonít shrink an existing cyst.

Surgery: There might be a need for a surgery to remove the cyst that is large or doesnít look like a functional cyst. If the cyst keeps growing or continues through two or three menstrual cycles, or causes pain, it can be removed through a surgery session.

Some cysts can be removed without removing the ovary (ovarian cystectomy). In some cases, the affected ovary may be removed leaving the other one (oophorectomy).

If a cystic mass is cancerous, a person may need to have oneís uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes removed (total hysterectomy) and possibly chemotherapy or radiation. A surgery is also likely to be recommended when an ovarian cyst develops after menopause.

What are the things that increase the risk of ovarian cysts?

Women may have higher risk if they have irregular menstrual cycles, endometriosis, infertility issues, or take certain infertility drugs such as clomiphene (clomid, serophene) or history of ovarian cysts. Other symptoms include pelvic pain, dull ache in the lower back and thighs, problems emptying the bladder or bowel completely, pain during sex, unexplained weight gain, pain during your period, unusual (not normal) vaginal bleeding, breast tenderness and frequent urination.



NaijaSky

Re: Why ovarian cysts can cause infertility
« Reply #2 on: February 17, 2019, 09:50:15 AM »

Offline Isaac Adeniran

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Re: Why ovarian cysts can cause infertility
« Reply #3 on: February 17, 2019, 09:50:51 AM »
What age is prone to ovarian cyst?

Ovarian cysts are common in women with regular periods. In fact, most women make at least one follicle or corpus luteum cyst every month. You may not be aware that you have a cyst unless there is a problem that causes the cyst to grow or if multiple cysts form. Ovarian cysts are less common after menopause. Postmenopausal women with ovarian cysts are at higher risk of ovarian cancer. Whatever the age, it is advisable that they see the doctor if they have symptoms such as bloating, urge to urinate more often, pelvic pressure or pain, or abnormal (unusual) vaginal bleeding. These can be signs of a cyst or other serious problems.

What is your advice to people on health matters?

One thing I have noticed in this part of the world is that people have a negative reception to routine medical check-up. That is why many diseases are discovered late at a time when little or nothing can be done. People will even come late on days when they have appointments. Most of the things that kill people like cervical cancer and the rest could have been modified but because the sufferers didnít come early, it is usually too late to save them.

NaijaSky

Re: Why ovarian cysts can cause infertility
« Reply #3 on: February 17, 2019, 09:50:51 AM »


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