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Offline Isaac Adeniran

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What to know about hormonal imbalances
« on: February 02, 2019, 01:54:34 PM »
What to know about hormonal imbalances
Last reviewe By Jennifer Huizen   Reviewed by Holly Ernst, PA-C



Table of contents
Hormonal imbalances occur when there is too much or too little of a hormone in the bloodstream. Because of their essential role in the body, even small hormonal imbalances can cause side effects throughout the body.
Hormones are chemicals that are produced by glands in the endocrine system. Hormones travel through the bloodstream to the tissues and organs, delivering messages that tell the organs what to do and when to do it.

Hormones are important for regulating most major bodily processes, so a hormonal imbalance can affect a wide range of bodily functions. Hormones help to regulate:

metabolism and appetite
heart rate
sleep cycles
reproductive cycles and sexual function
general growth and development
mood and stress levels
body temperature
Men and women alike can be affected by imbalances in insulin, steroids, growth hormones, and adrenaline.

Women may also experience imbalances in estrogen and progesterone levels, while men are more likely to experience imbalances in testosterone levels.

Symptoms
Hormonal imbalance in men and women
Everyone experiences periods of hormonal imbalance at certain points in their life, but these can also occur when the endocrine glands are not functioning properly.
The symptoms of a hormonal imbalance depend on which glands and hormones are affected.

Symptoms associated with the more common causes of hormonal imbalances include:

unexplained weight gain or weight loss
unexplained or excessive sweating
difficulty sleeping
changes in sensitivity to cold and heat
very dry skin or skin rashes
changes in blood pressure
changes in heart rate
brittle or weak bones
changes in blood sugar concentration
irritability and anxiety
unexplained and long-term fatigue
increased thirst
depression
headaches
needing to go to the bathroom more or less than usual
bloating
changes in appetite
reduced sex drive
thinning, brittle hair
infertility
puffy face
blurred vision
a bulge in the neck
breast tenderness
deepening of the voice in females
 



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NaijaSky

What to know about hormonal imbalances
« on: February 02, 2019, 01:54:34 PM »

Offline Isaac Adeniran

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Re: What to know about hormonal imbalances
« Reply #1 on: February 02, 2019, 08:26:09 PM »
Causes

Everyone will experience natural periods of hormonal imbalance or fluctuations at particular points in their life.

But hormonal imbalances can also occur when the endocrine glands are not functioning properly.

Endocrine glands are specialized cells that produce, store, and release hormones into the blood. There are several endocrine glands located throughout the body that control different organs, including the:

    adrenal glands
    gonads (testis and ovaries)
    pineal gland
    pituitary gland
    hypothalamus gland
    thyroid and parathyroid glands
    pancreatic islets

Several medical conditions are known to impact some, or several, of the endocrine glands. Certain lifestyle habits and environmental factors may also play a role in hormonal imbalances.



NaijaSky

Re: What to know about hormonal imbalances
« Reply #1 on: February 02, 2019, 08:26:09 PM »

Offline Isaac Adeniran

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Re: What to know about hormonal imbalances
« Reply #2 on: February 02, 2019, 08:27:32 PM »


Causes of hormonal imbalances include:

    chronic or extreme stress
    type 1 and type 2 diabetes
    hyperglycemia (overproduction of glucagon)
    hypoglycemia (more insulin produced than there is glucose in the blood)
    underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism)
    overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism)
    over- or underproduction of the parathyroid hormone
    poor diet and nutrition
    being overweight
    hormonal replacement or birth control medications
    abuse of anabolic steroid medications
    solitary thyroid nodules
    pituitary tumors
    Cushing's syndrome (high levels of the hormone cortisol)
    Addison's disease (low levels of cortisol and aldosterone)
    benign tumors and cysts (fluid-filled sacks) that affect the endocrine glands
    congenital adrenal hyperplasia (low levels of cortisol)
    endocrine gland injury
    severe allergic reactions or infections
    cancers that involve endocrine glands
    chemotherapy and radiation therapy
    iodine deficiency (goiters)
    hereditary pancreatitis
    Turner syndrome (females with only one functioning X chromosome)
    Prader-Willi syndrome
    anorexia
    phytoestrogens, naturally-occurring plant estrogens found in soy products
    exposure to toxins, pollutants, and endocrine disrupting chemicals, including pesticides and herbicides

Hormonal imbalances in women
Hormonal imbalance occurs during pregnancy
Women experience several periods of hormonal change in their lifetime, primarily during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy and menopause.



NaijaSky

Re: What to know about hormonal imbalances
« Reply #2 on: February 02, 2019, 08:27:32 PM »

Offline Isaac Adeniran

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Re: What to know about hormonal imbalances
« Reply #3 on: February 02, 2019, 08:28:26 PM »
Women naturally experience several periods of hormonal imbalance throughout their lifetime, including during:

    puberty
    menstruation
    pregnancy, childbirth, and breast-feeding
    perimenopause, menopause, and postmenopause

Women are also at risk of developing different types of hormonal imbalance disorders than men because they have different endocrine organs and cycles.

Medical conditions causing irregular hormonal imbalances in women include:

    polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
    hormone replacement or birth control medications
    early menopause
    primary ovarian insufficiency (POI)
    ovarian cancer



NaijaSky

Re: What to know about hormonal imbalances
« Reply #3 on: February 02, 2019, 08:28:26 PM »

Offline Isaac Adeniran

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Re: What to know about hormonal imbalances
« Reply #4 on: February 02, 2019, 08:30:04 PM »
Symptoms of hormonal imbalances in women include:




    heavy, irregular, or painful periods
    osteoporosis (weak, brittle bones)
    hot flashes and night sweats
    vaginal dryness
    breast tenderness
    indigestion
    constipation and diarrhea
    acne during or just before menstruation
    uterine bleeding not associated with menstruation
    increased hair growth on the face, neck, chest, or back
    infertility
    weight gain
    thinning hair or hair loss
    skin tags or abnormal growths
    deepening of the voice
    clitoral enlargement




NaijaSky

Re: What to know about hormonal imbalances
« Reply #4 on: February 02, 2019, 08:30:04 PM »

Offline Isaac Adeniran

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Re: What to know about hormonal imbalances
« Reply #5 on: February 02, 2019, 08:37:58 PM »
Treatment

Treatment for hormonal imbalances may vary depending on the cause. Every person may require different types of treatment for hormonal imbalances.

Treatment options for women with hormone imbalances include:

    Hormone control or birth control. For those who are not trying to get pregnant, medications containing forms of estrogen and progesterone can help regulate irregular menstrual cycles and symptoms. People can take birth control medications as a pill, ring, patch, shot, or an intrauterine device (IUD).
    Vaginal estrogen. People experiencing vaginal dryness associated with changes in estrogen levels can apply creams containing estrogen directly to vaginal tissues to reduce symptoms. They can also use estrogen tablets and rings to reduce vaginal dryness.
    Hormone replacement medications. Medications are available to temporarily reduce severe symptoms associated with menopause, such as hot flashes or night sweats.
    Eflornithine (Vaniqa). This prescription cream may slow excessive facial hair growth in women.
    Anti-androgen medications. Medications that block the predominately male-sex hormone androgen can help limit severe acne and excessive hair growth or loss.
    Clomiphene (Clomid) and letrozole (Femara). These medications help stimulate ovulation in people with PCOS who are trying to become pregnant. Those with PCOS and infertility may also be given injections of gonadotropins to help increase the chances of pregnancy.
    Assisted reproductive technology. In vitro fertilization (IVF) may be used to help those with PCOS complications get pregnant.



NaijaSky

Re: What to know about hormonal imbalances
« Reply #5 on: February 02, 2019, 08:37:58 PM »

Offline Isaac Adeniran

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Re: What to know about hormonal imbalances
« Reply #6 on: February 02, 2019, 08:39:35 PM »
Treatment options for anyone with hormonal imbalances include:

    Metformin. A medication for type 2 diabetes, metformin can help manage or lower blood sugar levels.
    Levothyroxine. Medications containing levothyroxine, such as Synthroid and Levothroid, can help improve symptoms of hypothyroidism.

Treatment options for men with hormonal imbalances include:

    Testosterone medications. Gels and patches containing testosterone can help reduce symptoms of hypogonadism and other conditions that cause low levels of testosterone, such as delayed or stunted puberty.



NaijaSky

Re: What to know about hormonal imbalances
« Reply #6 on: February 02, 2019, 08:39:35 PM »

Offline Isaac Adeniran

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Re: What to know about hormonal imbalances
« Reply #7 on: February 02, 2019, 08:40:55 PM »
Natural remedies
Some natural supplements can help hormonal imbalance
Some natural supplements can be used to reduce symptoms.

People have used natural supplements to treat hormonal imbalances for thousands of years.

However, there are no natural remedies that have been consistently proven in clinical studies to treat hormonal imbalances and their causes, aside from lifestyle changes.

Natural supplements commonly used for the reduction of symptoms associated with hormonal imbalances include:

    black cohosh, dong quai, red clover, and evening primrose oil for hot flashes caused by menopause
    ginseng for irritability, anxiousness, and sleep disturbances caused by menopause
    ginseng, and maca for ED

Lifestyle changes that may help reduce the likelihood and symptoms of hormonal imbalances include:

    maintaining a healthy body weight
    eating a nutritious and balanced diet
    exercising regularly
    practicing good personal hygiene, focusing on washing areas with a lot of natural oils, such as the face, neck, back, and chest
    using over-the-counter acne washes, rinses, and medicated creams or gels for minor to moderate acne
    avoiding triggers that cause hot flashes, such as warm weather and spicy, rich, or hot foods and drinks
    reducing and managing stress
    practicing yoga, meditation, or guided visualization
    limiting sugary foods and refined carbohydrates
    avoiding packaged foods
    replacing older non-stick pans with ceramic pans
    using glass containers to store and heat foods and drinks
    restricting the use of cleaning products that contain toxic chemicals, such as bleach
    buying fruits and vegetables that have not been sprayed with pesticides or ripening chemicals
    not microwaving foods and drinks in plastics

Outlook



NaijaSky

Re: What to know about hormonal imbalances
« Reply #7 on: February 02, 2019, 08:40:55 PM »

Offline Isaac Adeniran

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Re: What to know about hormonal imbalances
« Reply #8 on: February 02, 2019, 08:42:18 PM »
Nearly everyone experiences at least one or two periods of hormonal imbalance during their lifetime.

Hormonal imbalances are more common during puberty, menstruation, and pregnancy. But some people experience continual, irregular hormonal imbalances.

Many hormonal imbalances are caused by external factors, such as stress or hormone medications. However, hormonal imbalances can also be caused by any medical condition that impacts or involves the endocrine system or glands.

A person should speak to a doctor about long-term unexplained symptoms, especially those that cause pain, discomfort, or interfere with everyday activities.











NaijaSky

Re: What to know about hormonal imbalances
« Reply #8 on: February 02, 2019, 08:42:18 PM »


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