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Author Oyo Empire in Oyo State  (Read 2172 times)

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Offline Ade Omo Ade

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Oyo Empire in Oyo State
« on: July 01, 2012, 03:17:57 AM »
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  • The Oyo Empire was a Yoruba empire of what is today western

    Oyo Empire was Established in the 14th century.
    The Oyo Empire grew to become one of the largest West African states encountered by pre-colonial explorers

    Linkback: https://naijasky.com/oyo-east/104/oyo-empire-in-oyo-state/3294/

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    NaijaSky

    Oyo Empire in Oyo State
    « on: July 01, 2012, 03:17:57 AM »
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  • Offline Ade Omo Ade

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    Re: Oyo Empire in Oyo State
    « Reply #1 on: July 01, 2012, 03:21:09 AM »
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  • Oyo Empire rose through the outstanding organizational skills of the Yoruba, wealth gained from trade and its powerful cavalry

    The Oyo Empire was the most politically important state in the region from the mid-17th to the late 18th century, holding sway not only over most of the other kingdoms in Yorubaland, but also over nearby African states, notably the Fon Kingdom of Dahomey in the contemporary republic of Benin to the west.

    NaijaSky

    Re: Oyo Empire in Oyo State
    « Reply #1 on: July 01, 2012, 03:21:09 AM »
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  • Offline Ade Omo Ade

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    Re: Oyo Empire in Oyo State
    « Reply #2 on: July 01, 2012, 03:23:06 AM »
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  • The mythical origins of the Oyo Empire lie with Oranyan (also known as Oranmiyan), the second prince of the Yoruba Kingdom of Ile-Ife (Ife).

    Oranyan made an agreement with his brother to launch a punitive raid on their northern neighbors for insulting their father Oba (King) Oduduwa, the first Ooni of Ife.

    On the way to the battle, the brothers quarreled and the army split up.

     Oranyan's force was too small to make a successful attack, so he wandered the southern shore until reaching Bussa.

    There the local chief entertained him and provided a large snake with a magic charm attached to its throat.

    NaijaSky

    Re: Oyo Empire in Oyo State
    « Reply #2 on: July 01, 2012, 03:23:06 AM »
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  • Offline Ade Omo Ade

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    Re: Oyo Empire in Oyo State
    « Reply #3 on: July 01, 2012, 03:24:32 AM »
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  • The chief instructed Oranyan to follow the snake until it stopped somewhere for seven days and disappeared into the ground.

    Oranyan followed the advice and founded Oyo where the serpent stopped.

    The site is remembered as Ajaka.

    Oranyan made Oyo his new kingdom and became the first "oba" (meaning 'king' or 'ruler' in the Yoruba language) with the title of "Alaafin of Oyo" (Alaafin means 'owner of the palace' in Yoruba).

    He left all his treasures in Ife and allowed another king named Adimu to rule there.

    NaijaSky

    Re: Oyo Empire in Oyo State
    « Reply #3 on: July 01, 2012, 03:24:32 AM »
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  • Offline Ade Omo Ade

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    Re: Oyo Empire in Oyo State
    « Reply #4 on: July 01, 2012, 03:26:07 AM »
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  • Oranyan, the first oba (king) of Oyo, was succeeded by Oba Ajaka, Alaafin of Oyo.

    Ajaka was deposed, because he lacked Yoruba military virtue and allowed his sub-chiefs too much independence.

    Leadership was then conferred upon Ajaka's brother, Shango, who was later deified as the deity of thunder and lightning.

    Ajaka was restored after Shango's death.

     Ajaka returned to the throne thoroughly more warlike and oppressive.

    His successor, Kori, managed to conquer the rest of what later historians would refer to as metropolitan Oyo

    NaijaSky

    Re: Oyo Empire in Oyo State
    « Reply #4 on: July 01, 2012, 03:26:07 AM »
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  • Offline Isaac Adeniran

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    Re: Oyo Empire in Oyo State
    « Reply #5 on: July 01, 2012, 03:58:34 PM »
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  • egenius, are you from Oyo state and Oyo city in particular

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    NaijaSky

    Re: Oyo Empire in Oyo State
    « Reply #5 on: July 01, 2012, 03:58:34 PM »
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