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Author History of Akure Kingdom  (Read 2262 times)


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Offline Charles Dickson

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History of Akure Kingdom
« on: August 09, 2019, 05:52:49 AM »
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  • History of Akure Kingdom


    The Akure Kingdom is a traditional state with headquarters in Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria. It is the successor to an ancient Yoruba city state of the same name. The ruler bears the title "Deji of Akure".

        1 The Adesidas
        2 Location
        3 Foundation
        4 The Ado-Akure
        5 Later history
        6 Structure
        7 Partial king list
        8 References

    The Adesidas

    Adebiyi Adegboye Adesida Afunbiowo II was chosen as the traditional ruler of the Akure Kingdom in 2010. He was the latest in a line of Adesida monarchs that was composed of the following: Adesida I, commonly called the Great, June 1897 - 1957, Ademuwagun Adesida, 1957-1973, Adelegan Adesida, 1975-1990, Adebobajo Adesida, 1990 - 1999, Adebiyi Adesida, 2010-2013. [1] The Adesidas ruled through some of Akure's most notable periods, such as Nigeria's independence in 1960 and the restoration of its democracy in 1999.

    Akure is located in southwestern Nigeria. The climate is hot and humid, influenced by rain-bearing southwest monsoon winds from the ocean and dry northwest winds from the Sahara Desert. The rainy season lasts from April to October, with rainfall of about 1524mm per year. Temperatures vary from 28oC to 31oC with mean annual relative humidity of about 80%.[2]

    Oral tradition states that Akure was founded by a prince named Omoremi, son of Ekun and grandson of Oduduwa Omoluabi, the royal progenitor of the Yoruba tribe. The prince left Ile-Ife, his grandfather's kingdom, in search of a place to settle after passing a strict test administered by Oduduwa himself. This test wherein he was kept in solitude for about nine (9) days is still annually commemorated in Akure today by the reigning king of the town during a ceremony known as 'Oba wo ilesunta'. At the point where the prince and his party arrived at the exact location of the modern city, the string holding the heavy royal beads on his neck is said to have snapped, thus causing the people to exclaim "Ŕkún rę" (or The beads have snapped), this later becoming the name of the settlement they established on the site. Over time, the phrase was whittled down through its constant use to become Akure.

    Omoremi is said to have hunted with his entourage while on his way from Ile Ife. He arrived in Akure and was proclaimed the "Asodeboyede" (or The person who hunted and arrived with royalty). The palace that was built to house him still stands and dates to 1150 AD.

    Originally, the kings of Akure that were born of him were referred to as Ajapada. The title Deji of Akure started with Oba Arakale, whose father took the daughter of Oba Atakumosa, the Owa of Ijeshaland, as one of his wives while the latter was on his way to Benin. By the time Oba Atakumosa was returning to Ilesha from the pilgrimage, his daughter Omoba Owawejokun had given birth to a son. While other dignitaries gave the little baby common gifts, Oba Atakumosa was said to have presented his grandson with a small diadem. Owafadeji (i.e. Owa gave him a diadem) became the praise name of the young boy, and by the time he reached his adulthood it had become his de facto name. When Owafa'Deji became Oba, the appellation assumed a titular importance and because of his prominence as an Oba, subsequent Obas or kings assumed the title while the advent of the modern era has formally made Deji the official title of the Obas of Akure. However, the original title of Ajapada has remained a significant part of the Deji's ceremonial style till the present day.
    Historical Yoruba Cities. Akure towards southeast
    The Ado-Akure

    During its long history, the city-state of Akure was at times independent, at times subject to other states. Due to this, there is now a sizable population of partial Bini descent within the kingdom. They are known as the Ado-Akure. Akure was the main base for Benin's trade in the area, and at times seems to have been considered within the western frontier of Benin. The Ado-Akure were therefore originally something of a colony, and are said to be descended from Benin warriors who took Akure brides upon settling in the kingdom. The Benin historian Egharevba, who was himself a part of the Ado-Akure community, refers to suppression of resistance by "rebellious Akure" during the reign of Oba Ewuare of Benin (1440–1473), although the Deji was allowed to remain as nominal ruler. Another rebellion is recorded a century later during the reign of Oba Ehengbuda of Benin.[3] In the 19th century Osupa I, the son of an Akure prince and a Benin princess, ascended the throne of Akure. He subsequently gave his fellow Ado-Akure land to settle and chieftaincies to hold.


    Later history
    House of Omoremilekun Asodeboyede
    Nigerian royal dynasty
    Parent house   Oodua
    Current region   Yorubaland
    Founded   c.12th century
    Founder   Omoremi
    Current head   Odundun II

        Oba Deji of Akure
        Oba Ajapada of Akure
        Adele of Akure
        Oloye of Akure Omowas
        Iyaafin of Akure
        Omoba of Akure
        Oloori of Akure

    Style(s)   Kabiyesi
    Royal Highness
    Religion   Yoruba religion
    Motto   Omo Owa, Omo Ekun (A child of the Owa, a child of Prince Ekun)
    Cadet branches   


    Akure had regained its independence by the early 19th century, but around 1818 it was recaptured by Benin forces and the Deji was executed.[3] This set in motion a chain of events that culminated in the reign of Osupa I. After 1854, Akure and other Ekiti towns came under the rule of Ibadan, which lasted until a rebellion in 1876 followed by a prolonged war between the Yoruba states.[4]

    Towards the end of the 19th century the British based on their Lagos Colony had established a protectorate over the area, although they ruled through "native" administrations. The British sought to combine the Ekiti kingdoms of the region into a single administrative unit, against resistance by the Ekiti people who preferred local autonomy. In 1899 Ekiti and Ilesha formed the northeastern division of the protectorate. In 1915, Ekiti, Owo and Ondo were combined to form the Ondo Province with headquarters at Akure.[5] Ondo Province later became part of Western State. In 1976 the old Ondo State was formed, and in 1996 Ekiti State was split off from the modern Ondo State, which has Akure as its capital.

    The death in October 1999 of Oba Ataiyese Adebobajo Adesida IV led to a prolonged dispute over the succession, eventually resolved with the appointment of Oba Oluwadamilare Adesina in 2005. Oba Oluwadamilare was dethroned on 10 June 2010 for sacrilegious misdeeds (wife beating) and Adebiyi Adegboye Adesida Afunbiowo II was chosen as the new Deji of Akure on 13 August 2010.[6] His daughter, the Omoba Adetutu, was appointed princess regent following his demise on 30 November 2013.

    Akure's King is known as the Deji of Akure and is supported by six high chiefs or iwarefa in his or her domain. The totem of Akure is the Leopard and the father of Omoremi Omoluabi was himself called Ekun (this was his regnal name). It is for this reason that every descendant of the Akure clan has been addressed by outsiders as Omo Ekun during the recitation of his or her praise poetry or, alternatively, as 'Omo Akure Oloyemekun', since Omoremi was said to have stayed for a while at Igbo Ooye before coming to the Akure region.

    There are several Ruling and Royal houses of Akure, including the Osupa Ruling House which includes the Odudun Royal house, amongst others, and the Ojijigogun Ruling House which includes the Faturoti, Adesida and Arosoye Royal houses.[7] After the death or removal of an Oba, a princess regent is appointed under the title of Adele, who is expected to oversee the day-to-day administration of the kingdom while the kingmakers select the next Oba from one of the royal houses.[8]

    Although the Oba has relocated to a more modern palace, the old building from 1150 AD is still used for all ceremonies.[9] The place has over 15 courtyards, with each having its unique purpose. Ua nla, Ua Ibura, Ua jemifohun, Ua Ikomo are some of the names of the courtyards. For example, in the Ua ubura courtyard, oaths are taken, and the ua Ikomo is used for naming ceremonies.

    In addition to those of the Deji and the Adele, other titles are also borne by Akure royals. The titles of the Oloyes of the Omowas, the Iyaafins, the Omobas and the Olooris are either bestowed by the Deji (in the cases of the former two) or acquired upon birth or marriage (in the cases of the latter two). The Oloyes of the Omowas are the titular chief princes and princesses of Akure. According to tradition, they are expected to serve as leaders within the royal families. The Iyaafins, meanwhile, are the nominal leaders of the female royals. There is usually only one Iyaafin at any given time and she is traditionally either the reigning Deji's mother, step-mother or ceremonial surrogate mother in the first instance, or his senior wife in the second one (where the Deji is himself a polygamous male). The Omobas are the rank and file princes and princesses, any of the many members of the Omoremilekun Asodeboyede dynasty. Lastly, the Olooris are women that marry into the royal families. Their number would consist of a male Deji's wife or wives, the wives of the male Oloyes of the Omowas, and the wives of the male Omobas.

    There are two other constituent communities with their separate chiefs and traditions within the modern Akure kingdom. The more prominent of the pair is Isikan while the second of them is Isolo. The Baale of Isikan is known as the Iralepo while the Baale of Isolo is known as the Osolo of Isolo. In the olden days these were separate towns, but they were brought together under the nominal control of Akure as a result of a number of wars. Nearby towns include Isarun, Ilara, Igbaraoke, Iju, Itaogbolu, Idanre, Owo, Ikere and Ondo.
    Partial king list

    In recent times, rulers have included:[10]
    Start    End    Ruler
    1768    1818    Arakale "Owafadeji", 31st Deji of Akure
    1834    1846    Osupa I "Ogiso Otolu Apaara", 33rd Deji of Akure
    1852    1882    Ojijigogun, 38th Deji of Akure
    1882    1889    Odundun I, 39th Deji of Akure
    1889    January 8, 1897    Arosoye, 40th Deji of Akure
    June 1897    1957    Adesida Afunbiowo I, 41st Deji of Akure
    1957    December 1973    Agunsoye Ademuwagun Adesida II
    1975    1991    Otutubiosun Adelegan Adesida III
    1991    October 1999    Ataiyese Adebobajo Adesida IV
    1999    2005    Regent: Adebobajo Adesida IV's 1st daughter
    2005    10 June 2010    Oluwadare Adesina Adepoju, "Osupa III"
    13 August 2010    30 November 2013    Adebiyi Adegboye Adesida Afunbiowo II
    December 2013    June 2015    Regent: Princess Dr. Adetutu Adesida-Ojei
    July 2015    Present    Aladetoyinbo Ogunlade Aladelusi Odundun II

    From Wikipedia


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    History of Akure Kingdom
    « on: August 09, 2019, 05:52:49 AM »
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