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Author MEET GRAHAM: the only man that can survive car crash  (Read 37 times)

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Offline Theresa

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MEET GRAHAM: the only man that can survive car crash
« on: March 14, 2019, 01:44:56 AM »

Meet Graham. He might look a little different, but I assure you that heís human. Well, sort of. The reason he looks this way is that he has plenty of body modifications that makes him able to survive a serious car crash.
Graham, the crash test man, was created as part of a new Australian road safety campaign by the Transport Accident Commission (TAC). He was designed by sculptor Patricia Piccinini, a leading trauma surgeon, and a road safety engineer, who modified him based on their knowledge of car accidents. The result isnít a pretty sight, but itís certainly a sobering one. As you can see, Graham doesnít have a neck because these snap easily in car accidents. He also has a flat, fleshy face to protect his ears and nose. Also, if youíre wondering about all those extra nipples, theyíre to protect his ribs like a natural set of airbags. All these modifications are needed for a human body to survive a car crash.

Though Graham was not used in any real car crash tests, you might want to consider slowing down behind the wheel next time.
More info: | TAC |
Patricia Piccinini ( h/t )
The brain is one of the most vulnerable parts of our body. It sits delicately surrounded by cerebrospinal fluid, which acts as an inbuilt safety mechanism to protect the brain from day-to-day knocks and jolts.
Our faces are a delicate mix of bone, muscle, and cartilage. Many people injured in car accidents receive fractures to their nose, damaging not only the bone but disrupting sinuses and the delicate parts behind the cheekbone. To combat this, Graham has a rather flat face. His nose is reduced and his ears are protected by the larger structure of his skull and neck
Car seat belts are designed to use the strength of the ribs to help us withstand the forces of a crash. Thatís why the three-point seatbelt rests across your ribs and sternum and across your pelvis. It loads the center of your chest, spreading the force over the ribcage until the ribs break when the force becomes too great.
The skull absorbs a lot of force on impact simply by fracturing. Essentially this stops the force from carrying through to the brain in much the same way a helmet works. Grahamís skull has been engineered to absorb more of the impact earlier, much like a helmet.
When a pedestrian is hit by a car itís usually when theyíre stepping out from a curb. On impact, the immediate problem is that the knee is only built to bend in one direction, so it will almost always break first. Depending on the force of the impact, the tendons can also pull, twist and hyperextend well beyond their intended radius.
There is not enough strength in the neck to stop the head from jolting forward in a crash. The forward motion causes a hyperflexion injury and the backward motion a hyperextension injury. Simply put, the neck is placed under more pressure than its structure can manage. The added danger is the spinal cord running through the neck. If it is to bend and stretch too much it will break, causing serious injuries like paraplegia or quadriplegia.
A pedestrian impact is mostly blunt force trauma. However, if our bodies are pitched to the road or if broken glass is involved, then cuts and abrasions can occur. Skin is vulnerable to the road, with bitumen potentially wearing through clothing. This is even more important for motorcyclists and cyclists, who only have minimal protection between themselves and the road.

For pedestrian crashes, there are now so many variables that affect injury severity Ė the size of the vehicle, height, speed and angle of impact. And there are many situations where legs are badly damaged. In fact, injuries to the legs, feet, and ankles can cause long-term debilitation because we are so reliant on them for everyday movement. The shin itself is the least protected bone in the body, with only a thin layer of skin covering it.



MEET GRAHAM: the only man that can survive car crash
« on: March 14, 2019, 01:44:56 AM »

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