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TIPS TO EXPLOIT FISH PONDS BUSINESS IN NIGERIA
« on: January 31, 2019, 10:44:05 AM »

 I want to share with you the tips to make your fisheries and fish pond business a success. Before embarking into a fish pond business you should know the characteristics of a good site suitable for fish pond. Here are the things to consider before going into fish pond business.

1) TOPOGRAPHY. (surface features) that may be converted into a pond economically. Flat land is an idea site for pond development. Irregular or sloping ground gives the pond irregular bottom there by making cropping difficult.

2) SUBSOIL.  pond soil must be impermeable to water, I.e it must be able to hold water. The best soil for a fish pond is clay.

3) SOURCE OF WATER SUPPLY.  Adequate water supply is a necessary requirement in a successful pond management. There should be enough water to fill the pond and maintain it's water level. The source of water supply to a fish pond are:- wells,perennial streams, rivers, springs and lakes. Well water is the best because it is free from disease organisms, parasites, predators, pesticides, slit, and other pollutants.

4) SERVICE AND PROXIMITY.  A pond site must be near as much as possible to the owner's house. This removes strenuous journey the possibility of the fish being stolen or eaten by fish eating animals. The proximity gives the fish pond owner the easy chance of caring for it pond and fish in it.

   *PRODUCTIVITY  OF A FISH POND*
This simply means what to in order to make your fish pond to increase exceeding in production.

1) FERTILIZER.  Ponds are fertilized to help the growth of small plants(phytoplankton) which make up the fish food. The application of fertilizer to a fish pond will increase its ability to support fish. Fish doesn't eat fertilizer rather the nutrient materials contained in the fertilizer which are dissolved in water and are utilized by algae which multiply rapidly affording more food for the small animals,and insect larvae in the pond. The zooplankton (small animals) afford food for the young fish. Superphosphate, Rhenian phosphate and Dicalcium phosphate are inorganic fertilizers in use. Organic fertilizers  are for pig, poultry and cattle manure.

2) SUPPLEMENTARY FEEDING.  This feeding is added to fish pond to obtain higher yields of fish. Food is a major controlling factor in the number of fishes a body of water can produce. The growth rate of pond fish and the productivity of a pond depends on the availability of suitable foods. The feedings are Waste rice, Groundnut cake, Soybean cake, Wheat, Maize waste , And crushed maize are good food items for feeding fish. Banana leaves, Cassava leaves and Sweet potato are good food for Tilapia melanupleura.

3) REMOVAL OF AQUATIC VEGETATION.  It increases the productivity of a fish pond as follows:-(a) There will be no more competition with algae for plant's nutrients in the water. The algae therefore increase in population hence more food for the fish.
(b) There will be freely circulation of oxygen as aquatic vegetation impedes oxygen circulation. (c) There will be enough space for the fish to live in; hence increase in productivity. Please note that Aquatic Vegetation restricts living space hence it reduces productivity

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TIPS TO EXPLOIT FISH PONDS BUSINESS IN NIGERIA
« on: January 31, 2019, 10:44:05 AM »


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