Woman Health

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clip What is pelvic inflammatory disease
February 08, 2019, 09:23:43 PM by Isaac Adeniran
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

What is pelvic inflammatory disease?

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of the reproductive organs in women. The pelvis is in the lower abdomen and includes the fallopian tubes, the ovaries, the cervix, and the uterus. According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, this condition is common and affects about 1 million women each year in the United States.



Several different types of bacteria can cause PID, including the same bacteria that cause the sexually transmitted infections (STIs) gonorrhea and chlamydia. What commonly occurs is that bacteria first enter the vagina and cause an infection. As time passes, this infection can move into the pelvic organs.

PID can become extremely dangerous, even life-threatening, if the infection spreads to your blood. If you suspect that you may have an infection, see your doctor as soon as possible.
Risk factors for pelvic inflammatory disease


clip What to know about hormonal imbalances
February 02, 2019, 01:54:34 PM by Isaac Adeniran
What to know about hormonal imbalances
Last reviewe By Jennifer Huizen   Reviewed by Holly Ernst, PA-C



Table of contents
Hormonal imbalances occur when there is too much or too little of a hormone in the bloodstream. Because of their essential role in the body, even small hormonal imbalances can cause side effects throughout the body.
Hormones are chemicals that are produced by glands in the endocrine system. Hormones travel through the bloodstream to the tissues and organs, delivering messages that tell the organs what to do and when to do it.

Hormones are important for regulating most major bodily processes, so a hormonal imbalance can affect a wide range of bodily functions. Hormones help to regulate:

metabolism and appetite
heart rate
sleep cycles
reproductive cycles and sexual function
general growth and development
mood and stress levels
body temperature
Men and women alike can be affected by imbalances in insulin, steroids, growth hormones, and adrenaline.

Women may also experience imbalances in estrogen and progesterone levels, while men are more likely to experience imbalances in testosterone levels.

Symptoms
Hormonal imbalance in men and women
Everyone experiences periods of hormonal imbalance at certain points in their life, but these can also occur when the endocrine glands are not functioning properly.
The symptoms of a hormonal imbalance depend on which glands and hormones are affected.

Symptoms associated with the more common causes of hormonal imbalances include:

unexplained weight gain or weight loss
unexplained or excessive sweating
difficulty sleeping
changes in sensitivity to cold and heat
very dry skin or skin rashes
changes in blood pressure
changes in heart rate
brittle or weak bones
changes in blood sugar concentration
irritability and anxiety
unexplained and long-term fatigue
increased thirst
depression
headaches
needing to go to the bathroom more or less than usual
bloating
changes in appetite
reduced sex drive
thinning, brittle hair
infertility
puffy face
blurred vision
a bulge in the neck
breast tenderness
deepening of the voice in females
 

clip Cervical Myomas
February 01, 2019, 03:58:06 AM by Isaac Adeniran
Cervical Myomas



Cervical myomas are smooth, benign tumors in the cervix.

A myoma may bleed, become infected, interfere with urinating, or cause pain during sexual intercourse.

Doctors can see or feel most myomas during a pelvic examination.

Myomas that cause symptoms can be removed surgically.

Myomas are benign tumors composed partly of muscle tissue. They seldom develop in the cervix, the lower part of the uterus. When they do, they are usually accompanied by myomas in the larger upper part of the uterus. Myomas in this part of the uterus are also called fibroids.

Large cervical myomas may partially block the urinary tract or may protrude (prolapse) into the vagina. Sores sometimes develop on prolapsed myomas, which may become infected, bleed, or both. Prolapsed myomas can also block the flow of urine.

xx What Is Adenomyosis?
February 01, 2019, 02:46:31 AM by Isaac Adeniran

What Is Adenomyosis?
Adenomyosis is a condition in which the inner lining of the uterus (the endometrium) breaks through the muscle wall of the uterus (the myometrium). Adenomyosis can cause menstrual cramps, lower abdominal pressure, and bloating before menstrual periods and can result in heavy periods. The condition can be located throughout the entire uterus or localized in one spot.

Though adenomyosis is considered a benign (not life-threatening) condition, the frequent pain and heavy bleeding associated with it can have a negative impact on a woman's quality of life.

What Are the Symptoms of Adenomyosis?
While some women diagnosed with adenomyosis have no symptoms, the disease can cause:


Heavy, prolonged menstrual bleeding
Severe menstrual cramps
Abdominal pressure and bloating
Who Gets Adenomyosis?
Adenomyosis is a common condition. It is most often diagnosed in middle-aged women and women who have had children. Some studies also suggest that women who have had prior uterine surgery may be at risk for adenomyosis.

Though the cause of adenomyosis isn't known, studies have suggested that various hormones -- including estrogen, progesterone, prolactin, and follicle stimulating hormone -- may trigger the condition.


 
Diagnosing Adenomyosis

Until recently, the only definitive way to diagnose adenomyosis was to perform a hysterectomy and examine the uterine tissue under a microscope. However, imaging technology has made it possible for doctors to recognize adenomyosis without surgery. Using MRI or transvaginal ultrasound, doctors can see characteristics of the disease in the uterus.

If a doctor suspects adenomyosis, the first step is a physical exam. A pelvic exam may reveal an enlarged and tender uterus. An ultrasound can allow a doctor to see the uterus, its lining, and its muscular wall. Though ultrasound cannot definitively diagnose adenomyosis, it can help to rule out other conditions with similar symptoms.

Another technique sometimes used to help evaluate the symptoms associated with adenomyosis is sonohysterography. In sonohysterography, saline solution is injected through a tiny tube into the uterus as an ultrasound is given.

MRI -- magnetic resonance imaging -- can be used to confirm a diagnosis of adenomyosis in women with abnormal uterine bleeding.

Because the symptoms are so similar, adenomyosis is often misdiagnosed as uterine fibroids. However, the two conditions are not the same. While fibroids are benign tumors growing in or on the uterine wall, adenomyosis is less of a defined mass of cells within the uterine wall. An accurate diagnosis is key in choosing the right treatment.


How Is Adenomyosis Treated?
Treatment for adenomyosis depends in part on your symptoms, their severity, and whether you have completed childbearing. Mild symptoms may be treated with over-the-counter pain medications and the use of a heating pad to ease cramps.

Anti-inflammatory medications. Your doctor may prescribe nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to relieve mild pain associated with adenomyosis. NSAIDs are usually started one to two days before the beginning of your period and continued through the first few of days of your period.

Hormone therapy. Symptoms such as heavy or painful periods can be controlled with hormonal therapies such as a levonorgestrel-releasing IUD (which is inserted into the uterus), aromatase inhibitors, and GnRH analogs.

Uterine artery embolization. In this minimally invasive procedure, which is commonly used to help shrink fibroids, tiny particles are used to block the blood vessels that provide blood flow to the adenomyosis. The particles are guided through a tiny tube inserted by the radiologist into the patient’s femoral artery. With blood supply cut off, the adenomyosis shrinks.

Endometrial ablation. This minimally invasive procedure destroys the lining of the uterus. Endometrial ablation has been found to be effective in relieving symptoms in some patients when adenomyosis hasn't penetrated deeply into the muscle wall of the uterus.


Does Adenomyosis Cause Infertility?
Because many women who have adenomyosis also have endometriosis, it is difficult to tell precisely what role adenomyosis may play in fertility problems. However, some studies have shown that adenomyosis may contribute to infertility.

Can Adenomyosis Be Cured?
The only definitive cure for adenomyosis is a hysterectomy, or the removal of the uterus. This is often the treatment of choice for women with significant symptoms.

clip How women risk mental disorder without regular sex by Psychiatrist
November 17, 2018, 06:01:02 AM by Isaac Adeniran
How women risk mental disorder without regular sex by Psychiatrist



Mental disorder in women who do not have regular sex

A psychiatrist, Dr Maymunah Kadiri on Saturday advised married women to have regular sex with their spouses in order to prevent depression and gain happiness.

Depression is a common mental disorder that causes people to experience depressed mood, loss of interest or pleasure, feelings of guilt or low self-worth, disturbed sleep or appetite, low energy, and poor concentration.
Read the complete story from: http://naijasky.com/politics/1758/how-women-risk-mental-disorder-without-regular-sex-by-psychiatr/39233/

 Read more articles on women health at http://naijasky.com/woman-health

clip When Will I Get My Period After Having a D&C?
November 03, 2018, 11:39:16 AM by Isaac Adeniran
When Will I Get My Period After Having a D&C?



It may come earlier or later than expected
By Krissi Danielsson  | Reviewed by Meredith Shur, MD

 A dilation and curettage, or D&C, is a surgical procedure performed by an OB-GYN in a doctor's office or an operating room, in which the physician opens (called dilation) the cervix to gain access to the uterus.

Once the uterus is accessed, a doctor uses a curette or a suction device to clear the uterus of any retained products of conception after a miscarriage or to diagnose and treat uterine problems, like abnormal bleeding.

With that, you may wonder what to expect after undergoing a D&C, including when you can expect to get your period.

clip What Could Breast and Nipple Discharge Mean
September 23, 2018, 01:49:39 AM by Isaac Adeniran
What Could Breast and Nipple Discharge Mean



For women who aren't breastfeeding, the sight of nipple discharge can be alarming. But if you notice discharge from your nipple, there's no reason to panic. While nipple discharge can be serious, in most cases, it's either normal or due to a minor condition.

Still, if you are not nursing, you should contact your health care provider any time you notice breast discharge. Based upon your symptoms and the results of diagnostic tests, your doctor will decide on the best course of treatment.

What is normal and what is abnormal nipple discharge?
Bloody nipple discharge is never normal. Other signs of abnormality include nipple discharge from only one breast and discharge that occurs spontaneously without anything touching, stimulating, or irritating your breast.


Color isn't usually helpful in deciding if the discharge is normal or abnormal. Both abnormal and normal nipple discharge can be clear, yellow, white, or green in color.

Normal nipple discharge more commonly occurs in both nipples and is often released when the nipples are compressed or squeezed. Some women who are concerned about breast secretions may actually cause it to worsen. They do this by repeatedly squeezing their nipples to check for nipple discharge. In these instances, leaving the nipples alone for a while may help the condition to improve.

Based on your medical evaluation, your doctor will determine whether your nipple discharge is normal (physiologic) or abnormal (pathologic). Even if your doctor determines your breast discharge is abnormal, keep in mind that most pathological conditions that cause nipple discharge are not serious and are easily treated.


What Could Breast and Nipple Discharge Mean
clip Top Ten Health Tips for Women
August 06, 2018, 12:20:59 AM by abejoye
Top Ten Health Tips for Women

By Colleen Oakley

Let's face it, ladies: Doctor visits are short. And they're getting shorter. What if your doctor had more time? She might tell you the same things that OB-GYN Alyssa Dweck, MD, co-author of V Is for Vagina, wants you to know.



1. Zap your stress.

"The biggest issue I see in most of my patients is that they have too much on their plates and want to juggle it all. Stress can have significant health consequences, from infertility to higher risks of depression, anxiety, and heart disease. Find the stress-reduction method that works for you and stick with it."


2. Stop dieting.

"Eating healthy doesn't mean you have to forgo your favorite glass of wine or a piece of chocolate cake now and then. The key is moderation. Get a mix of lean proteins, healthy fats, smart carbs, and fiber."

3. Don't “OD” on calcium.

"Too much absorbed calcium can increase the risk of kidney stones and may even increase the risk of heart disease. If you're under 50, shoot for 1,000 milligrams per day, while over-50 women should be getting 1,200 milligrams per day mainly through diet -- about three servings of calcium-rich foods such as milk, salmon, and almonds."



4. Do more than cardio.

"Women need a mix of cardio and resistance or weight-bearing exercise at least three to five times a week to help prevent osteoporosis, heart disease, cancer, and diabetes. Exercise also promotes good self-image, which is really important to a woman's mental health."

5. Think about fertility.

"While many women have no problem getting pregnant in their late 30s and even into their early 40s, a woman's fertility may start to decline as early as 32. So if you want to have kids, talk to your doctor about options, like freezing your eggs."




clip How Imperforate hymen prevents her to menstruate
July 20, 2018, 08:57:18 AM by Isaac Adeniran
How Imperforate hymen prevents her to menstruate



A doctor has told the worried mother of a teenage girl that the young lady must lose her virginity via a medical procedure that is meant to correct her inability to menstruate.

The medical doctor, Chioma, on Twitter on Friday revealed how worried the mother was when she told her that her 17-year-old daughter needed a procedure that involved the breaking of her hymen.

The doctor, with Twitter handle @Deekachy_md, started the thread on Twitter, “So Dr, you want to disvirgin my 17yr old Daughter?”and she responded, “”Not really Ma, to treat, we have to break her Hymen. She has IMPERFORATE HYMEN. That’s why she hasn’t menstruated. Absence of Hymen doesn’t make her less a virgin, some are born without.”

Apparently, the teenager has what the doctor calls an “imperforate hymen, and needs the hymen to be broken so that the teenager could commence her menstrual period which appears to have been stalled by a lack of passage for blood to flow through.

“Madam, on examination, we discovered your daughter has an imperforate hymen. This means the hymen is blocking the vagina completely and so, nothing coming from up can come down, including her menses and Ovulation discharge, hence the fluid collection.”

And the mother’s response had been; “Why me? Doc what can cause this? What will people say? So this young girl will just lose her virginity like that?”

See her thread below:

“So Dr, you want to disvirgin my 17yr old Daughter?”

The way she put it.
“Not really Ma, to treat, we have to break her Hymen. She has IMPERFORATE HYMEN. That’s why she hasn’t menstruated. Absence of Hymen doesn’t make her less a virgin, some are born w/o it
THREAD#DrZobo pic.twitter.com/KZtvzSdqbW

— Dr Chioma (Zobo Sipper) (@Deekachy_md) July 20, 2018


clip Cure for excessive bleeding after childbirth by WHO
July 02, 2018, 04:37:50 AM by Isaac Adeniran
Cure for excessive bleeding after childbirth by WHO



The World Health Organisation in collaboration with Ferring and MSD for Mothers, has announced that  heat-stable carbetocin is as effective as oxytocin in preventing excessive bleeding following vaginal birth.

Researched and developed by Ferring, heat-stable carbetocin remains effective at high temperatures, an answer to the limitation of oxytocin which must be stored and transported at 2 – 8°C.

According to WHO, every year, 14 million women are affected by postpartum haemorrhage and this is the leading cause of maternal death worldwide, causing approximately 70,000 deaths per year. It remains a major cause of maternal death in Nigeria.

The clinical study was conducted by the WHO Department of Reproductive Health and Research including the UNDP, UNFPA UNICEF, World Bank Special Programme of Research and Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, using Ferring’s heat-stable carbetocin.

The Chief Medical Officer, Ferring Pharmaceuticals, Prof. Klaus Dugi, said, “This is an important step forward in postpartum haemorrhage prevention and these results pave the way for heat- stable carbetocin to potentially save the lives of thousands of women, especially in areas where cold-chain transport and storage is not feasible.

“We will now work with the WHO and MSD for mothers to make heat- stable carbetocin available in countries where it is needed most, protecting women and families around the world.”

Studies in Nigeria and other developing countries have revealed degradation and loss of efficacy in oxytocin ampoules, which could be due to inadequate storage and distribution conditions, hence the need for the heat-stable carbetocin product.

Data showed that heat-stable carbetocin maintains effectiveness for at least three years at 30°C and six months at 40°C and has the potential to save thousands of women’s lives in Nigeria and other low- and lower-middle income countries, where 99% of postpartum haemorrhage related deaths occur and where the refrigeration of medicines can be difficult to achieve and maintain.

The WHO publication concludes that the study should inform care in countries where cold-chain transport and storage of medicines was difficult to achieve and was a barrier to effective postpartum haemorrhage prevention.


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