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Woman Health

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clip Vaginal atrophy causes and treatment
May 13, 2019, 04:40:15 PM by Charles Dickson
Vaginal atrophy causes and treatment



Vaginal atrophy (atrophic vaginitis) is thinning, drying and inflammation of the vaginal walls that may occur when your body has less estrogen. Vaginal atrophy occurs most often after menopause.For many women, vaginal atrophy not only makes intercourse painful but also leads to distressing urinary symptoms. Because the condition causes both vaginal and urinary symptoms, doctors use the term "genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM)" to describe vaginal atrophy and its accompanying symptoms.Simple, effective treatments for GSM are available. Reduced estrogen levels result in changes to your body, but it doesn't mean you have to live with the discomfort of GSM.   SymptomsGenitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM) signs and symptoms may include:
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Vaginal burning
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Genital itching
  • Burning with urination
  • Urgency with urination
  • Frequent urination
  • Recurrent urinary tract infections
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Light bleeding after intercourse
  • Discomfort with intercourse
  • Decreased vaginal lubrication during sexual activity
  • Shortening and tightening of the vaginal canal
When to see a doctorMany postmenopausal women experience GSM. But few seek treatment. Women may be embarrassed to discuss their symptoms with their doctor and may resign themselves to living with these symptoms.Make an appointment with your doctor if you have any unexplained vaginal spotting or bleeding, unusual discharge, burning, or soreness.Also make an appointment to see your doctor if you experience painful intercourse that's not resolved by using a vaginal moisturizer (K-Y Liquibeads, Replens, Sliquid, others) or water-based lubricant (Astroglide, K-Y Jelly, Sliquid, others).Request an Appointment at Mayo ClinicCausesGenitourinary syndrome of menopause is caused by a decrease in estrogen production. Less estrogen makes your vaginal tissues thinner, drier, less elastic and more fragile.A drop in estrogen levels may occur:
  • After menopause
  • During the years leading up to menopause (perimenopause)
  • After surgical removal of both ovaries (surgical menopause)
  • During breast-feeding
  • While taking medications that can affect estrogen levels, such as some birth control pills
  • After pelvic radiation therapy for cancer
  • After chemotherapy for cancer
  • As a side effect of breast cancer hormonal treatment
GSM signs and symptoms may begin to bother you during the years leading up to menopause, or they may not become a problem until several years into menopause. Although the condition is common, not all menopausal women experience GSM. Regular sexual activity, with or without a partner, can help you maintain healthy vaginal tissues.Risk factorsCertain factors may contribute to GSM, such as:
  • Smoking. Cigarette smoking affects your blood circulation, and may lessen the flow of blood and oxygen to the vagina and other nearby areas. Smoking also reduces the effects of naturally occurring estrogens in your body.
  • No vaginal births. Researchers have observed that women who have never given birth vaginally are more likely to develop GSM symptoms than women who have had vaginal deliveries.
  • No sexual activity. Sexual activity, with or without a partner, increases blood flow and makes your vaginal tissues more elastic.
ComplicationsGenitourinary syndrome of menopause increases your risk of:
  • Vaginal infections. Changes in the acid balance of your vagina make vaginal infections more likely.
  • Urinary problems. Urinary changes associated with GSM can contribute to urinary problems. You might experience increased frequency or urgency of urination or burning with urination. Some women experience more urinary tract infections or urine leakage (incontinence).
PreventionRegular sexual activity, either with or without a partner, may help prevent genitourinary syndrome of menopause. Sexual activity increases blood flow to your vagina, which helps keep vaginal tissues healthy.
     
clip Amenorrhea causes and treatment
May 13, 2019, 04:14:25 PM by Charles Dickson
Amenorrhea causes and treatment



Amenorrhea (uh-men-o-REE-uh) is the absence of menstruation ó one or more missed menstrual periods. Women who have missed at least three menstrual periods in a row have amenorrhea, as do girls who haven't begun menstruation by age 15.The most common cause of amenorrhea is pregnancy. Other causes of amenorrhea include problems with the reproductive organs or with the glands that help regulate hormone levels. Treatment of the underlying condition often resolves amenorrhea.
     SymptomsThe main sign of amenorrhea is the absence of menstrual periods. Depending on the cause of amenorrhea, you might experience other signs or symptoms along with the absence of periods, such as:
 
  • Milky nipple discharge
  • Hair loss
  • Headache
  • Vision changes
  • Excess facial hair
  • Pelvic pain
  • Acne
When to see a doctor Consult your doctor if you've missed at least three menstrual periods in a row, or if you've never had a menstrual period and you're age 15 or older.
 Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic Causes
  • Female reproductive organsFemale reproductive system
  Amenorrhea can occur for a variety of reasons. Some are normal during the course of a woman's life, while others may be a side effect of medication or a sign of a medical problem.
 Natural amenorrhea During the normal course of your life, you may experience amenorrhea for natural reasons, such as:
 
  • Pregnancy
  • Breast-feeding
  • Menopause
Contraceptives Some women who take birth control pills may not have periods. Even after stopping oral contraceptives, it may take some time before regular ovulation and menstruation return. Contraceptives that are injected or implanted also may cause amenorrhea, as can some types of intrauterine devices.
 Medications Certain medications can cause menstrual periods to stop, including some types of:
 
  • Antipsychotics
  • Cancer chemotherapy
  • Antidepressants
  • Blood pressure drugs
  • Allergy medications
Lifestyle factors Sometimes lifestyle factors contribute to amenorrhea, for instance:
 
  • Low body weight. Excessively low body weight ó about 10 percent under normal weight ó interrupts many hormonal functions in your body, potentially halting ovulation. Women who have an eating disorder, such as anorexia or bulimia, often stop having periods because of these abnormal hormonal changes.
  • Excessive exercise. Women who participate in activities that require rigorous training, such as ballet, may find their menstrual cycles interrupted. Several factors combine to contribute to the loss of periods in athletes, including low body fat, stress and high energy expenditure.
  • Stress. Mental stress can temporarily alter the functioning of your hypothalamus ó an area of your brain that controls the hormones that regulate your menstrual cycle. Ovulation and menstruation may stop as a result. Regular menstrual periods usually resume after your stress decreases.
Hormonal imbalance Many types of medical problems can cause hormonal imbalance, including:
 
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). PCOS causes relatively high and sustained levels of hormones, rather than the fluctuating levels seen in the normal menstrual cycle.
  • Thyroid malfunction. An overactive thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism) or underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism) can cause menstrual irregularities, including amenorrhea.
  • Pituitary tumor. A noncancerous (benign) tumor in your pituitary gland can interfere with the hormonal regulation of menstruation.
  • Premature menopause. Menopause usually begins around age 50. But, for some women, the ovarian supply of eggs diminishes before age 40, and menstruation stops.
Structural problems Problems with the sexual organs themselves also can cause amenorrhea. Examples include:
 
  • Uterine scarring. Asherman's syndrome, a condition in which scar tissue builds up in the lining of the uterus, can sometimes occur after a dilation and curettage (D&C), cesarean section or treatment for uterine fibroids. Uterine scarring prevents the normal buildup and shedding of the uterine lining.
  • Lack of reproductive organs. Sometimes problems arise during fetal development that lead to a girl being born without some major part of her reproductive system, such as her uterus, cervix or vagina. Because her reproductive system didn't develop normally, she can't have menstrual cycles.
  • Structural abnormality of the vagina. An obstruction of the vagina may prevent visible menstrual bleeding. A membrane or wall may be present in the vagina that blocks the outflow of blood from the uterus and cervix.
   Video: Ovulation   Risk factorsFactors that may increase your risk of amenorrhea may include:
 
  • Family history. If other women in your family have experienced amenorrhea, you may have inherited a predisposition for the problem.
  • Eating disorders. If you have an eating disorder, such as anorexia or bulimia, you are at higher risk of developing amenorrhea.
  • Athletic training. Rigorous athletic training can increase your risk of amenorrhea.
ComplicationsComplications of amenorrhea may include:
 
  • Infertility. If you don't ovulate and have menstrual periods, you can't become pregnant.
  • Osteoporosis. If your amenorrhea is caused by low estrogen levels, you may also be at risk of osteoporosis ó a weakening of your bones.
clip Bartholin's cyst
May 11, 2019, 10:15:42 PM by Charles Dickson
 Bartholin's cyst



The Bartholin's (BAHR-toe-linz) glands are located on each side of the vaginal opening. These glands secrete fluid that helps lubricate the vagina.Sometimes the openings of these glands become obstructed, causing fluid to back up into the gland. The result is relatively painless swelling called a Bartholin's cyst. If the fluid within the cyst becomes infected, you may develop a collection of pus surrounded by inflamed tissue (abscess).A Bartholin's cyst or abscess is common. Treatment of a Bartholin's cyst depends on the size of the cyst, how painful the cyst is and whether the cyst is infected.Sometimes home treatment is all you need. In other cases, surgical drainage of the Bartholin's cyst is necessary. If an infection occurs, antibiotics may be helpful to treat the infected Bartholin's cyst.

     Symptoms

If you have a small, noninfected Bartholin's cyst, you may not notice it. If the cyst grows, you might feel a lump or mass near your vaginal opening. Although a cyst is usually painless, it can be tender.A full-blown infection of a Bartholin's cyst can occur in a matter of days. If the cyst becomes infected, you may experience:
 
  • A tender, painful lump near the vaginal opening
  • Discomfort while walking or sitting
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Fever
A Bartholin's cyst or abscess typically occurs on only one side of the vaginal opening.

When to see a doctor

Call your doctor if you have a painful lump near the opening of your vagina that doesn't improve after two or three days of self-care ó for instance, soaking the area in warm water (sitz bath). If the pain is severe, make an appointment with your doctor right away.Also call your doctor promptly if you find a new lump near your vaginal opening and you're older than 40. Although rare, such a lump may be a sign of a more serious problem, such as cancer. Request an Appointment with a Doctor

Cause

sExperts believe that the cause of a Bartholin's cyst is a backup of fluid. Fluid may accumulate when the opening of the gland (duct) becomes obstructed, perhaps caused by infection or injury.A Bartholin's cyst can become infected, forming an abscess. A number of bacteria may cause the infection, including Escherichia coli (E. coli) and bacteria that cause sexually transmitted infections such as gonorrhea and chlamydia.
ComplicationsA Bartholin's cyst or abscess may recur and again require treatment.

Prevention

There's no way to prevent a Bartholin's cyst. However, safer sex practices ó in particular, using condoms ó and good hygiene habits may help to prevent infection of a cyst and the formation of an abscess.
clip Pelvic pain causes
May 11, 2019, 01:39:37 PM by Charles Dickson
Pelvic pain causes




Pelvic pain is pain in the lowest part of your abdomen and pelvis. In women, pelvic pain might refer to symptoms arising from the reproductive, urinary or digestive systems, or from musculoskeletal sources.

Depending on its source, pelvic pain can be dull or sharp; it might be constant or off and on (intermittent); and it might be mild, moderate or severe. Pelvic pain can sometimes radiate to your lower back, buttocks or thighs. Sometimes, you might notice pelvic pain only at certain times, such as when you urinate or during sexual activity.

Pelvic pain can occur suddenly, sharply and briefly (acute) or over the long term (chronic). Chronic pelvic pain refers to any constant or intermittent pelvic pain that has been present for six months or more.




Causes   Several types of diseases and conditions can cause pelvic pain. Chronic pelvic pain can result from more than one condition.Pelvic pain can arise from your digestive, reproductive or urinary system. Recently, doctors have recognized that some pelvic pain, particularly chronic pelvic pain, can also arise from muscles and connective tissue (ligaments) in the structures of the pelvic floor.Occasionally, pelvic pain might be caused by irritation of nerves in the pelvis.Female reproductive systemPelvic pain arising from the female reproductive system might be caused by conditions such as:Other causes in women or menExamples of other possible causes of pelvic pain ó in women or men ó include:
clip Nipple discharge causes
May 11, 2019, 01:14:10 PM by Charles Dickson
Nipple discharge causes




Nipple discharge refers to any fluid that seeps out of the nipple of the breast.
Nipple discharge in women who are not pregnant or breast-feeding may not be abnormal, but it's wise to have any unexpected nipple discharge evaluated by a doctor. Nipple discharge in men under any circumstances could be a problem and needs further evaluation.

One or both breasts may produce a nipple discharge, either spontaneously or when you squeeze your nipples or breasts. A nipple discharge may look milky, or it may be clear, yellow, green, brown or bloody. Nonmilk discharge comes out of your nipple through the same nipple openings that carry milk. The consistency of nipple discharge can vary ó it may be thick and sticky or thin and watery.


Causes
   Nipple discharge is a normal part of breast function during pregnancy or breast-feeding. It also may be associated with menstrual hormone changes and fibrocystic changes. The milky discharge after breast-feeding will normally affect both breasts and can continue for up to two or three years after stopping nursing.
A papilloma is a noncancerous (benign) tumor that can be associated with bloody discharge. It appears spontaneously and involves a single duct. Although the bloody discharge may resolve on its own, this situation requires evaluation with an ultrasound of the area behind the nipple and areola. If the ultrasound shows a lesion within a milk duct, you may need a biopsy to confirm that it's a papilloma or to exclude a cancer.Often, nipple discharge stems from a benign condition. However, breast cancer is a possibility, especially if:
  • You have a lump in your breast
  • Only one breast is affected
  • The discharge contains blood
  • The discharge is spontaneous and persistent
  • The discharge affects only a single duct
Possible causes of nipple discharge include:
clip Breast rash causes
May 10, 2019, 03:54:56 PM by Charles Dickson
Breast rash causes
A breast rash describes redness and irritation of the skin on your breast. A breast rash can also be itchy, scaly, painful or blistered.

Other terms used to describe a breast rash include dermatitis and hives.CausesMost breast rashes have the same causes as rashes occurring elsewhere on the body. Some rashes occur only on the breast.
Causes of rash that occur only on the breast may include:
General causes of rash that can affect any part of the body, including the breast, include:
clip Breast lumps causes
May 10, 2019, 03:45:22 PM by Charles Dickson
Breast lumps causes



A breast lump is a growth of tissue that develops within your breast. Different types of breast lumps can vary in the way they look and feel.

You might notice:

    A distinct lump with definite borders
    A firm, hard area within your breast
    A thickened, slightly more prominent area in your breast that's different from surrounding breast tissue
    Other breast changes, such as redness, dimpling or pitting of the skin
    One breast that's noticeably larger than the other
    Nipple changes, such as a nipple that's pulled inward or spontaneous fluid discharge from your nipple
    Persistent breast pain or tenderness, which might increase during your menstrual period

Sometimes, a breast lump is a sign of breast cancer. That's why you should seek prompt medical evaluation. Fortunately, however, most breast lumps result from noncancerous (benign) conditions.



Causes
   Breast lumps can be caused by:
  • Breast cancer
  • Breast cysts
  • Fibroadenoma
  • Fibrocystic breasts (lumpy or rope-like breast tissue)
  • Injury or trauma to the breast
  • Intraductal papilloma (a benign, wartlike growth in a milk duct)
  • Lipoma (a slow-growing, doughy mass that's usually harmless)
  • Mastitis (an infection in breast tissue that most commonly affects women who are breast-feeding)
  • Milk cyst (galactocele) ó a milk-filled cyst that's usually harmless
clip Breast calcifications
May 10, 2019, 03:08:57 PM by Charles Dickson
Breast calcifications



Breast calcifications are calcium deposits within breast tissue. They appear as white spots or flecks on a mammogram.

Breast calcifications are common on mammograms, and they're especially prevalent after age 50. Although breast calcifications are usually noncancerous (benign), certain patterns of calcifications ó such as tight clusters with irregular shapes and fine appearance ó may indicate breast cancer or precancerous changes to breast tissue.

On a mammogram, breast calcifications can appear as macrocalcifications or microcalcifications.

    Macrocalcifications. These show up as large white dots or dashes. They're almost always noncancerous and require no further testing or follow-up.
    Microcalcifications. These show up as fine, white specks, similar to grains of salt. They're usually noncancerous, but certain patterns can be an early sign of cancer.

If breast calcifications appear suspicious on your initial mammogram, you will be called back for additional magnification views to get a closer look at the calcifications. If the second mammogram is still worrisome for cancer, your doctor may recommend a breast biopsy to know for sure. If the calcifications appear noncancerous, your doctor may recommend returning to your usual yearly screening or have you return in six months for a short-term follow-up to make sure the calcifications are not changing.



CausesBy Mayo Clinic Staff   Sometimes calcifications indicate breast cancer, such as ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), but most calcifications result from noncancerous (benign) conditions.
Possible causes of breast calcifications include:Products that contain radiopaque materials or metals, such as deodorants, creams or powders, may mimic calcifications on a mammogram, making it more difficult to interpret whether the calcifications are due to benign or cancerous changes. Because of this, skin products of any kind should not be worn during a mammogram.
Causes shown here a

clip What You Should Know About Womenís Health?
April 24, 2019, 12:17:34 PM by Isaac Adeniran
  What You Should Know About Womenís Health?


Healthy habits are the best way to avoid disease, prolong your life, and live more happily. But in the chaos of a womanís daily life, healthy living may take back seat to chores, work, busy schedules, and more. Take these simple steps toward a longer, healthier life.Get moving

Heart disease is the leading cause of death for American women. In the United States, 1 in 4 women dies from heart disease. Exercise is one of the best ways to prevent heart disease and keep your ticker strong. Itís also beneficial for your mental and bone health.

Aim for 30 minutes of movement at least four days per week. Aerobic, or cardio, exercise is best. This includes:

    walking
    jogging
    dancing
    swimming

Mix routines up and keep your exercise plans exciting by trying different activities. Invite a friend to join you for accountability and encouragement.

Cardio alone isnít enough for optimal health and fitness. You should combine it with some type of strength training. Strength training builds muscle, boosts metabolism, and helps you maintain stronger bones. This is especially important in postmenopausal women.

Start today with these toning workouts for women.
Eat a balanced diet

A nourishing diet is the foundation of a healthy lifestyle. Beyond weight loss and maintenance, eating a balanced diet is crucial to a womanís overall health. Good foods provide vitamins, minerals, and nutrients that are important for growth, well-being, and development.

Eating a balanced diet starts with avoiding unhealthy foods. Packaged and processed foods are often full of sugar, salt, unhealthy fats, and calories. Avoid the fake stuff, and opt for the good stuff, such as:

    fresh fruits and vegetables
    whole grains
    fiber-rich foods such as beans and leafy greens
    fresh fish
    lean cuts of meat and poultry
    healthy fats such as nuts, seeds, and olive oil
    low-fat dairy

Hereís a grocery shopping tip: Shop the perimeter of the store. This is where youíll find fresh foods. Try to avoid the inside aisles, where most of the boxed and processed foods reside.

Also, be sure to make a list and stick to it, and donít shop hungry. Youíre more likely to make unhealthy choices and pick up foods you donít need when your tummy is rumbling.

Additionally, a balanced diet is a cornerstone of weight loss. Carrying around extra weight can increase your risk of several conditions, including cancer, diabetes, and heart disease. These 26 evidence-based weight loss tips may help you shed pounds once and for all.
Womenís vitamins

You can take a daily multivitamin but eating vitamin-rich foods serves up the extra benefits of healthy fiber and minerals. Eat a variety of foods in a variety of colors and you should meet your vitamin, mineral, and fiber requirements without the need for a supplement.
Healthy aging

Aging is part of growing older and wiser, but that doesnít mean you have to take the inevitable aches and pains lying down.

For women, healthy aging depends largely on healthy living. Thatís great news because so much of what you can do to be healthy today will prevent you from feeling beyond your years tomorrow. That includes eating a healthy diet, staying active, and having regular health screenings.

Healthy aging also emphasizes things you shouldnít do, such as using tobacco products and drinking excess alcohol. You can also help slow aging by learning to manage stress and cope with mental health issues that will naturally arise throughout your life.

Aging isnít just how your body feels, however. Itís also how it looks. You can prevent little spots and dots that make our skin look older than we feel. The skin-related choices you make in your 20s, such as tanning beds and long days at the pool, will rear their ugly heads as you age.

To protect against wrinkles, age spots, and even cancer, slather on sunscreen with an SPF of at least 15. Wear protective clothing and sunglasses and try to avoid the sun entirely in the middle of the day. If you spot any changes in freckles or new or unusual spots, see your dermatologist.
A healthy sex life

Sexual health is a lifelong issue for women. A womanís sexual health needs span decades and encompass a variety of issues, from preventing unintended pregnancy to boosting a sagging libido.

In the beginning of your sexually active years, the emphasis of sexual health falls primarily into these categories:

    protecting against sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
    finding a birth control or family planning method that works for you
    having regular STI screenings, Pap smears, and pelvic exams

Later in life, your needs may change. Many of these changes coincide with other physical changes you may be experiencing. These issues include:

    low libido or sex drive
    inability to reach orgasm
    reduced response to sexual stimulation
    not enough natural lubrication for sex
    uncomfortable or painful sex

A healthy sex life carries many rewards, and itís not just about the calories burned between the sheets. Women with a healthy sex life may have a lower risk of cardiovascular events ó high blood pressure and heart attacks ó than men. Women can ó and should ó reap the reward of a robust sex life throughout their years. Hereís how women can have healthy sex.
Time for baby

Whether youíre pregnant, trying to become pregnant, or just starting to consider it, a healthy life for your baby starts with preparation. Even before you take a pregnancy test, you can take significant steps to protect your future babyís health.

Caring for yourself takes care of your future babies. Some behaviors, including drinking alcohol and smoking, could hurt your baby. They can also increase your risk of complications. If you need help stopping, talk with your doctor about proven methods or support groups.

Likewise, you can increase your chances for a healthy baby by eating a balanced diet, taking prenatal vitamins, being active, and watching for early signs of pregnancy. Start here if youíre curious about what you can expect during pregnancy.
Good parenting

Being a parent is tough, hard work. However, itís also incredibly rewarding.

Youíll have questions, and youíll need help. A strong support network of friends and family members you can call on is vital. When you need someone to pick up your sick child or show up at a soccer game so your little one has a fan, this group of people will be an essential resource.

However, there will come times when even these people canít provide the support and help you need. Thatís when you can turn to an online community of parents facing the same ups and downs, questions and concerns, and worries and woes as you. While they may not be your neighbor, the community aspect of online parenting forums may become your go-to resource when youíre at your witís end. Start with these popular parenting forums.
Breast health

Breast cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in American women. If you have a family or personal history of breast cancer, your risk for developing this condition is higher.

The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that women of average risk have a mammogram screening every two years between the ages of 50 and 74. They also recommend women with an average risk of developing the cancer have their first screening in their 40s.

However, many doctors and medical groups disagree with USPSTF and still recommend yearly mammograms starting at age 40. Your doctor may recommend you start earlier if you have a family history of breast cancer. Likewise, these medical professionals also encourage women to conduct self-exams on a monthly basis starting at age 20. Learn more about breast cancer, your risks, and what you can do to prevent a diagnosis.
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Have medical questions? Connect with a board-certified, experienced doctor online or by phone. Pediatricians and other specialists available 24/7.
Deal with stress

Career. Kids. Family. Friends. Volunteer work. Many women are swimming in stress and responsibilities, which can manifest more than just gray hairs. Excessive stress can translate to:

    high blood pressure
    upset stomach or other gastrointestinal issues
    back pain
    relationship conflicts
    sleeping difficulties
    abdominal weight gain

You can manage stress with relaxation techniques such as:

    therapy
    prayer
    meditation
    yoga or tai chi
    exercise

These 11 signs and symptoms may signal you have too much stress.
Avoid known health risks

Many health issues are common among both men and women. However, some conditions may be more common in women or impact women differently than they do men. These include:
Heart disease

Heart disease is the leading cause of death among American women. Additionally, women are more likely than men to die following a heart attack.
Stroke

Women are more likely to have a stroke than men. Men and women share many of the same risk factors for stroke, including high blood pressure and high cholesterol. However, women have several unique risk factors. These include:

    birth control use
    pregnancy
    hormone replacement therapy

Urinary tract issues

Women have a shorter urethra, which means bacteria have a smaller distance to travel before they reach your bladder and start an infection. For that reason, urinary tract problems, including infections and incontinence, are more common in women.
Alcohol intake

Men are more likely to abuse alcohol and become dependent upon it. However, the impacts of chronic alcohol use are greater on women than men. These complications include heart disease and breast cancer. Additionally, babies born to women who drink alcohol during pregnancy may have a condition called fetal alcohol syndrome. This can cause brain damage and learning delays.
Depression

Women are more likely to show signs of depression than men. From ages 14 to 25, women are twice as likely than men to have depression. That ratio narrows with age.
Osteoarthritis

While this common form of arthritis can occur in both men and women, itís more common in women over age 45.
Prevent disease

One way to prevent disease and infection is to avoid smoking. You should also avoid those who do. Secondhand smoke can be as dangerous as smoking.

Other known risks to health include drugs and alcohol. For women, a moderate amount of alcohol is 12 ounces of beer, 5 ounces of wine, or about 1 ounce of spirits each day. One five-ounce glass of wine a day may help cut heart disease risk, but more than that increases your risk of cancer and other conditions.

Good dental and oral health goes beyond a blindingly white set of teeth. Daily brushing and flossing keeps away cavities, gum disease, and even your physician, as having healthy teeth and gums might reduce your risk of heart disease.
Visit the doctor

Other than breast exams and gynecological visits, you should make sure to visit your doctor regularly for checkups and screening exams. You should have blood work, biometric data such as blood pressure and weight, and other preventive testing measures done at your yearly physical. These tests can nip potential issues in the bud.
clip Know Everything About Uterine Prolapse!!
April 19, 2019, 07:27:55 PM by Isaac Adeniran
Know Everything About Uterine Prolapse!!


Written and reviewed by
Dr. Sunita Malhotra
MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology



The uterus or womb, is a muscular structure and is held in place by ligaments and pelvic muscles. If these muscles or tendons become weak, they cause prolapse and are no longer able to hold the uterus in its place.

Uterine prolapse happens when the uterus falls or slips from its ordinary position and into the vagina or birth waterway. It could be complete prolapse or even incomplete at times. A fragmented prolapse happens when the uterus is just hanging into the vagina. A complete prolapse depicts a circumstance in which the uterus falls so far down that some tissue rests outside of the vagina. Likewise, as a lady ages and with a loss of the hormone estrogen, her uterus can drop into the vaginal canal. This condition is known as a prolapsed uterus.

Risks: The risks of this condition are many and have been enumerated as follows:

  Complicated delivery during pregnancy
    Weak pelvic muscle
    Loss of tissue after menopause and loss of common estrogen
    Expanded weight in the stomach area, for example, endless cough, constipation, pelvic tumors or accumulation of liquid in the guts
    Being overweight
    Obesity causing extra strain on the muscles
    Real surgery in the pelvic zone
    Smoking

Symptoms: Some of the most common symptoms of prolapse involve:

    Feeling of sitting on a ball

    Abnormal vaginal bleeding
    Increase in discharge
    Problems while performing sexual intercourse
    Seeing the uterus coming out of the vagina
    A pulling or full feeling in the pelvis
    Constipation
    Bladder infections

Nonsurgical medications include:

    Losing weight and getting in shape to take stress off of pelvic structures
    Maintaining a distance from truly difficult work
    Doing Kegel workouts, which are pelvic floor practices that strengthen the vaginal muscles. This can be done at any time, even while sitting down at a desk.
    Taking estrogen treatment especially during menopause
    Wearing a pessary, which is a gadget embedded into the vagina that fits under the cervix and pushes up to settle the uterus and cervix
    Indulging in normal physical activity

Some specialists use the following methods to diagnose the problem:

    The specialist will examine you in standing position keeping in mind you are resting and request that you to cough or strain to build the weight in your abdomen.
    Particular conditions, for example, ureteral block because of complete prolapse, may require an intravenous pyelogram (IVP) or renal sonography. Color is infused into your vein, and an X-ray is used to view the flow of color through your urinary bladder.
    An ultrasound might be utilised to rule out any other existing pelvic issues. In this test, a wand is used on your stomach area or embedded into your vagina to create images of the internal organ with sound waves. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Gynaecologist.

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