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clip How You can select your baby’s sex before birth
December 14, 2018, 07:18:03 PM by Isaac Adeniran
How You can select your baby’s sex before birth
by Dr. Abayomi Ajayi

Dr. Abayomi Ajayi

Every couple has a 50/50 chance of conceiving a boy or a girl through plain old-fashioned intercourse. It has always been the practice for couples to set their hearts on having a boy or girl even before they have achieved conception.

People desire to have a boy or girl for many reasons ranging from cultural necessity to dreams of raising a son or a daughter, or simply to balance out their families. Yet others do it to prevent their offspring from inheriting sex-linked genetic diseases.

There are various reasons why a couple may want a child of a particular gender, therefore choosing the sex of a baby during pregnancy and before birth is commonplace.

Sex selection or gender selection is possible these days because there are assisted reproductive technologies that can help you choose to have a girl or a boy even though some fertility clinics offer sex selection technology only for medical reasons.

There are quite a few medical and non-medical reasons parents may want to have a child of a specific sex. On the medical side, there are some sex-linked genetic diseases such as hemophilia and Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy that almost always occur in boys. If a family has a history of these diseases, they may wish to conceive a girl.

clip Health Hazards of aloe vera consumption
December 03, 2018, 11:59:26 AM by naijatowns
Health Hazards of aloe vera consumption
Oladapo Ashiru;                       
Professor of Anatomy/Consultant Reproductive Endocrinologist; [email protected]; 0700 MARTCENTER


Aloe vera is a succulent cactus plant species of the genus aloe, belonging to the family Liliaceae. It is widely known as “the Miracle plant” for its various medical, cosmetic and nutraceutical purposes. Aloe vera gel is a slick substance that is extracted from the interior of the aloe vera leaf, while latex refers to the yellow part which lies beneath the leaf skin. It grows in wild tropical climates around the world and it is cultivated for agricultural and medicinal use.


Aloe vera is a thick, short-stemmed plant that stores water in its leaves.

It is widely used in the cosmetic, pharmaceutical and food industries, and has an estimated annual market value of $13bn globally. Aloe vera is well recognised by its thick, pointed and fleshy green leaves, which can grow to about 12-19 inches (30-50 cm) in length.

Each leaf is full of a slimy tissue that stores water, which makes the leaves thick. This slimy, water-filled tissue is the “gel” we associate with aloe vera products.

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clip Causes of embryo implantation failure in In-vitro fertilisation-IVF
December 02, 2018, 09:07:09 AM by abejoye
Causes of embryo implantation  failure in In-vitro fertilisation-IVF
Prof. Oladapo Ashiru

The first baby from In-vitro fertilisation was born in 1978 through the research efforts of Steptoe and Edwards. Since then the process has been improved through numerous technologies, which has modified it to better standards. It has gone through series of research to become what we know it to be today.

 A lot of work has been dedicated to research, especially in the areas of ovarian stimulation, oocyte retrieval, embryo culture and transfer and embryo implantation which in turn improved IVF success rate to 40 per cent per cycle.

In reference to the four areas mentioned above, one can say that ovarian stimulation, oocyte retrieval, embryo culture and transfer has been further developed to almost 99 per cent success rate, while embryo implantation still have grey areas and much work still needs to be done.

It is believed that once this last area gets close to achieving 99 per cent success rate, then we can expect the success in IVF to approach 99 per cent. This brings us to our subject below and what we have done to improve embryo implantation in our centre.

Mrs. A.O is a 42 year-old woman with secondary infertility due to advanced age and multiple myomectomy. Physical examination only revealed abnormal discharge from the breasts. The results of her IVF screening, hysterosonogram (which helps to visualise the womb under ultrasound) and hormone profile all came out normal. The Seminal Fluid Analysis of her husband indicated oligospermia, a condition of low sperm count. The plan was to do IVF/ICSI (IVF with Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection) with Pre-Genetic Diagnosis and family balancing as requested by patient.

The patient underwent the stimulation process and a total of 32 egg cells were retrieved, out of which 23 were fertilised. The embryos were sent for PGD to detect any chromosomal abnormality as previously recommended. Unfortunately, the test revealed there were no normal embryos thus transfer had to be cancelled.

clip Why doctors request sperm analysis
December 02, 2018, 09:00:31 AM by naijatowns
Why doctors request sperm analysis
Dr. Sylvester Ikhisemojie

Sperm analysis is usually described as seminal fluid analysis. It is one of the most commonly requested tests on bodily fluids in all hospitals and is frequently asked for in pursuit of the causes of infertility among married couples. Seminal fluid analysis is also sometimes called a seminogram. This is broadly speaking, the laboratory analysis of a sample of seminal fluid produced by a man. It analyzes the health, viability and characteristics of semen and it consists of the determination of the volume of semen produced by an adult male; the number of sperms contained in the fluid and the acidity or alkalinity of the semen produced. It also involves the examination of the shape, the motility and viability of the sperm. Semen, which is used here interchangeably with seminal fluid, is the thick whitish fluid produced by the male organ during ejaculation. In the laboratory, such a product is referred to as the ejaculate.

Seminal fluid varies in volume at ejaculation; it varies in volume between two and five milliliters but may be up to seven and a half milliliters in some men or as low as one and a half milliliters which is regarded as the lower limit of normal. Normal semen should contain a minimum of 15 million sperm cells in each milliliter of seminal fluid, a downward revision by the World Health Organisation from the old figure of 20 million.

The upper limit is in the region of 225 million per milliliter of seminal fluid. The total number of sperms in each ejaculate may therefore range between 45 and 950 million sperm cells. However, for clinical purposes, the sperm count is often expressed as a certain number of sperms per milliliter of fluid. Seminal fluid is itself made up of between 96 and 98 per cent of water. Therefore, one way of making certain that a man produces more sperm is to drink more fluids. Other ways of ensuring that are as follows; avoid genital tract infections; avoid frequent sex at less than 48 hours apart; do not engage too frequently in masturbation.

With these parameters in mind, a doctor who requests a seminal fluid analysis determines to see the above parameters reflected in the result after the man has avoided sex for at least 48 hours. Many clinicians want an even longer wait with the semen being produced on the fourth or fifth day of abstinence. In addition to the volume and the cell count, the doctor also wants to have an idea of the colour of the semen; its viscosity and whether or not it is compromised by a bacterial infection. A volume less than one and a half milliliters often means that the seminal vesicles, which transport the semen from the testes to the urethra, could be partly or completely blocked. It may also indicate the presence of an infection or certain problems with the prostate. The doctor’s knowledge of the various organisms active in that part of the body would show rather quickly whether there is a genuine infection or a contamination with bacteria. Such contamination can occur when the sample to be studied is not collected in the recommended way thereby allowing surrounding bacteria to get into the semen either within the collecting vessel or before it gets into it. When there is an established infection, such an infection is treated energetically with the required antibiotics based usually on the laboratory’s report.

clip 12 Ways to Feel and Look Younger
December 01, 2018, 02:38:39 PM by naijatowns
12 Ways to Feel and Look Younger

Want to hold on to -- or recapture -- your youth? These simple steps promise maximum vitality.


Experts on aging agree -- there are positive steps you can take to make your "golden years" healthier and more enjoyable. And, they might just add as much as a decade or more to your life... So read on, and act now!

What Is Unresectable Lung Cancer?
Six reasons lung tumors can't be removed and what to do when surgery isn't an option.

Phase Out Destructive Habits

The single best thing you can do for your health and longevity is quit smoking. Smoking has been indicted for a laundry list of ills from heart disease to lung disorders, all of which can foil your longevity plans.
Drink only in moderation. Alcohol infuses every cell, damaging genes and inflaming your liver. A glass of wine a day for women and maybe two for men, but no more, may be mildly beneficial.
Get your Zzzz's. Your body needs down time to repair cells and rest your heart. And your mind needs dreaming to stay sane.

clip Govt to subsidise cost of condoms in fight against AIDS, STIs
November 27, 2018, 01:01:28 PM by Isaac Adeniran
Govt to subsidise cost of condoms in fight against AIDS, STIs

The French government on Tuesday said it would take the rare step of reimbursing prescription-bought condoms to combat the spread of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases.

The measure, which covers French-made Eden condoms obtained on prescription from a doctor or midwife, was announced ahead of World AIDS Day on Saturday.

Produced by Majorelle laboratories and sold only in pharmacies, Eden condoms cost a fraction of leading brands such as Durex or Manix at 2.60 euros ($2.95) for a box of 12.

clip Download Healthscope android App
November 24, 2018, 12:18:54 PM by Isaac Adeniran

Download the app opening with your phone or tablet the following link:
clip HIV: 70% of Nigerians on ARV are Females, Says NACA
November 18, 2018, 09:03:43 AM by Isaac Adeniran
HIV: 70% of Nigerians on ARV are Females, Says NACA

Some seven hundred and forty-seven thousand, eight hundred and fifty-three females are among the 1,090,233 people on Anti-Retroviral (ARV) treatment in Nigeria by June, National Agency for the Control of HIV/AIDS says.

In a statement to News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) in Abuja on Friday, Mr Greg Ashefor, the Acting Director, Research Monitoring and Evaluation Directorate, in Abuja added that 342, 380 males were also on ARV treatment.

clip World Prematurity Day November 17
November 17, 2018, 04:41:19 AM by naijatowns
World Prematurity Day November 17

The National Association of Nigerian Paediatric Nurses has urged government to invest in capacity building for healthcare practitioners to boost the dearth of paediatric nurses and reduce preterm death rate.

Mrs Olubunmi Lawal, the National President of the association, made the call in an interview with News Agency of Nigeria on Saturday in Abuja during the commemoration of 2018 World Prematurity Day.

World Prematurity Day November 17
clip Cost of diabetes care very, costly, exotic — Diabetes Association of Nigeria
November 14, 2018, 12:58:49 PM by Isaac Adeniran
Cost of diabetes care very, costly, exotic — Diabetes Association of Nigeria

 DiabetesDiabetes Association of Nigeria (DAN) has lamented that diabetes management is very costly as many poor patients are unable to afford diabetes medication and treatment.

National President of the association, Dr Mohammed Alkali, stated this on Wednesday while flagging off free medical outreach which included free diabetes test, treatment and counselling sponsored by the association to 1, 000 diabetics at Toro Local Government Area of Bauchi State as part of activities marking this year’s World Diabetes Day.

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