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Offline Isaac Adeniran

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Cancers of breast - cervix are preventable
« on: June 03, 2013, 10:37:34 PM »
Cancers of  breast - cervix are  preventable

Cervical Cancer Prevention & Early Detection

Cervical cancer is a preventable disease and, if detected early, a cancer that can be successfully treated. Below are ways to prevent cervical cancer and detect the disease early.

Cervical Cancer Prevention
•   Avoid infection with HPV by practicing safer sex. (Condoms can’t give complete protection against HPV because the virus can infect areas that aren’t covered by a condom.)
•   Don’t smoke, or, if you do smoke, quit.

Cervical Cancer Early Detection

•   All women should begin cervical cancer testing at age 21. Women aged 21 to 29 should receive a Pap test every 3 years. HPV testing should not be used for screening in this age group unless used as a follow-up for an abnormal Pap test.
•   Women between the ages of 30 and 65 should have a Pap test plus an HPV test every 5 years. This is the preferred approach, but it is also OK to have a Pap test alone every 3 years. Women at high risk, exposed to DES before birth or with a weakened immune system may need to be screened more often.
•   Talk with your health care professional about the HPV vaccine. The HPV vaccine protects against the types of HPV that are most likely to cause cancer. It’s most effective if a person is vaccinated before becoming sexually active. The vaccine is recommended for girls who are age 11 to 12. Girls may also be vaccinated at age 9 or 10. Girls may get a “catch-up” vaccine up to age 18. Young women age 19 to 26 who have never been vaccinated may also get the vaccine.
•   Women over age 65 who have had regular cervical cancer testing with normal results should not be tested for cervical cancer. Women with a history of serious cervical pre-cancer should continue to be tested for at least 20 years after that diagnosis, even if testing continues past age 65.
•   Women who have had a hysterectomy should stop screening unless the surgery was done as a treatment for cervical cancer or pre-cancer. Women who have had a hysterectomy that left behind the cervix should continue to follow the guidelines above.

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Cancers of breast - cervix are preventable
« on: June 03, 2013, 10:37:34 PM »

Offline Wale Adeleke

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Re: Cancers of breast - cervix are preventable
« Reply #1 on: October 18, 2015, 01:11:32 PM »
What is a preventable cancer?

Research suggests that only five percent of cancers are hereditary. That means the non-inherited causes of cancer — the lifestyle choices we make, the foods we eat, and our physical activity levels — have a direct impact on our overall cancer risk.

The American Cancer Society reports that half of all men and one-third of all women will develop cancer in their lifetimes. Do what you can to avoid becoming a part of these statistics. Take steps to reduce your risk for cancer now!

The Foundation focuses its resources on cancers such as breast, cervical, colorectal, lung, oral, prostate, skin and testicular that can be prevented through lifestyle changes or early detection and treatment.

NaijaSky

Re: Cancers of breast - cervix are preventable
« Reply #1 on: October 18, 2015, 01:11:32 PM »

Offline Wale Adeleke

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Re: Cancers of breast - cervix are preventable
« Reply #2 on: October 18, 2015, 01:18:32 PM »
Breast Cancer Prevention and Early Detection

Breast cancer is a preventable disease and, if detected early and diagnosed, a disease that can be successfully treated.
Below are ways to help prevent breast cancer and detect the disease early.

Breast Cancer Prevention

•   If you have babies, breast feed them.
•   Limit alcohol to no more than one drink a day for women and two drinks a day for men.
•   Exercise daily for 30 to 60 minutes.
•   Maintain a healthy weight.
•   Don’t smoke. If you do smoke, quit.

Breast Cancer Early Detection
•   In your 20s and 30s, have a clinical breast exam (CBE) by a health care professional at least every three years.
•   Beginning at age 40, have an annual CBE.
•   At age 40, begin annual screening mammography.
•   If you are at high risk, talk with your health care professional about beginning annual screening mammograms at a younger age and MRI (magnetic resonance imaging).
•   If you have a family history of breast cancer, talk with your health care professional about genetic testing.
•   At menopause, talk with your health care professional about whether you should have hormone replacement therapy.
•   Breast self-exam is one way that you can get to know what is normal for your breasts. If you notice changes, see your health care professional right away.

NaijaSky

Re: Cancers of breast - cervix are preventable
« Reply #2 on: October 18, 2015, 01:18:32 PM »

Offline Wale Adeleke

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Re: Cancers of breast - cervix are preventable
« Reply #3 on: October 18, 2015, 01:21:37 PM »
Breast Cancer Symptoms

Don’t wait for symptoms to appear. Get screened according to guidelines. If you do notice any of the following symptoms, talk with your health care professional.
•   A lump, hard knot or thickening in the breast
•   A lump under your arm
•   A change in the size or shape of a breast
•   Nipple pain, tenderness or discharge, including bleeding
•   Itchiness, scales, soreness or rash on nipple
•   A nipple turning inward or inverted
•   A change in skin color and texture (dimpling, puckering or redness)
•   A breast that feels warm or swollen



NaijaSky

Re: Cancers of breast - cervix are preventable
« Reply #3 on: October 18, 2015, 01:21:37 PM »

Offline Wale Adeleke

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Re: Cancers of breast - cervix are preventable
« Reply #4 on: October 18, 2015, 01:23:28 PM »
Breast Cancer Risk Factors

•   Women with abnormal genes, such as BRCA-1 or BRCA-2
•   Women who began their menstrual periods before age 12 or began menopause after age 55
•   Women who have used hormone replacement therapy (HRT) with estrogen and progesterone for a long time
•   Women and men who are overweight or obese
•   Women and men who are not physically active
•   Women and men over 40 (Most breast cancer is diagnosed in women over 40.)
•   Women and men with a family history of breast cancer (Risk increases if several close relatives have been diagnosed with breast cancer or if a person’s mother was diagnosed before age 50.)
•   Women and men who have already had cancer in one breast
•   Women and men with a family history of ovarian cancer
•   Women and men who have had radiation therapy to their chests

NaijaSky

Re: Cancers of breast - cervix are preventable
« Reply #4 on: October 18, 2015, 01:23:28 PM »


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