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Description: Types, Symptoms, Signs and treatment of ovarian cysts

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Offline Wale Adeleke

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What are ovarian cysts?
« on: November 29, 2016, 04:07:39 AM »

What are ovarian cysts?




    Most women will experience a cyst on the ovaries at least once, and most are painless, cause no symptoms, and are discovered during a routine pelvic exam.

    Symptoms of an ovarian cyst include:

 nausea,

vomiting,

bloating,

painful bowel movements,

and pain during sex.

    In rare cases, an ovarian cyst can cause serious problems, so it’s best to have it checked by your doctor.


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NaijaSky

What are ovarian cysts?
« on: November 29, 2016, 04:07:39 AM »

Offline Wale Adeleke

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Re: What are ovarian cysts?
« Reply #1 on: November 29, 2016, 04:09:06 AM »
The ovaries are part of the female reproductive system. They’re located in the lower abdomen on both sides of the uterus. Women have two ovaries that produce eggs, as well as the hormones estrogen and progesterone.

Sometimes, a fluid-filled sac called a cyst will develop on one of the ovaries. Many women will develop at least one cyst during their lifetime. In most cases, cysts are painless and cause no symptoms.


Types of ovarian cysts

Type 1

There are various types of ovarian cysts, such as dermoid cysts and endometrioma cysts. However, functional cysts are the most common type. The two types of functional cysts include follicle and corpus luteum cysts.

Follicle cyst

During a woman’s menstrual cycle, an egg grows in a sac called a follicle. This sac is located inside the ovaries. In most cases, this follicle or sac breaks open and releases an egg. But if the follicle doesn’t break open, the fluid inside the follicle can form a cyst on the ovary.

Corpus luteum cysts

Follicle sacs typically dissolve after releasing an egg. But if the sac doesn’t dissolve and the opening of the follicle seals, additional fluid can develop inside the sac and this accumulation of fluid causes a corpus luteum cyst.

Other types of ovarian cysts include:


    dermoid cysts: sac-like growths on the ovaries that can contain hair, fat, and other tissue
    cystadenomas: non-cancerous growths that can develop on the outer surface of the ovaries
    endometriomas: tissues that normally grow inside the uterus can develop outside the uterus and attach to the ovaries, resulting in a cyst


NaijaSky

Re: What are ovarian cysts?
« Reply #1 on: November 29, 2016, 04:09:06 AM »

Offline Wale Adeleke

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Re: What are ovarian cysts?
« Reply #2 on: November 29, 2016, 04:10:04 AM »
Some women develop a condition called polycystic ovary syndrome. This condition means the ovaries contain a large number of small cysts. It can cause the ovaries to enlarge, and if left untreated, polycystic ovaries can cause infertility.
Symptoms of an ovarian cyst
Symptoms

Often times, ovarian cysts do not cause any symptoms. However, symptoms can appear as the cyst grows. Symptoms may include:

    abdominal bloating or swelling
    painful bowel movements
    pelvic pain before or during the menstrual cycle
    painful intercourse
    pain in the lower back or thighs
    breast tenderness
    nausea and vomiting

Severe symptoms of an ovarian cyst that require immediate medical attention include:

    severe or sharp pelvic pain
    fever
    faintness or dizziness
    rapid breathing

These symptoms can indicate a ruptured cyst or an ovarian torsion. Both complications can have serious consequences if not treated early.
Ovarian cyst complications
Complications

Most ovarian cysts are benign and naturally go away on their own without treatment. These cysts cause little, if any, symptoms. But in a rare case, your doctor may detect a cancerous cystic ovarian mass during a routine examination.

Ovarian torsion is another rare complication of ovarian cysts. This is when a large cyst causes an ovary to twist or move from its original position. Blood supply to the ovary is cut off, and if not treated, it can cause damage or death to the ovarian tissue. Although uncommon, ovarian torsion accounts for nearly 3 percent of emergency gynecologic surgeries.

NaijaSky

Re: What are ovarian cysts?
« Reply #2 on: November 29, 2016, 04:10:04 AM »

Offline Wale Adeleke

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Re: What are ovarian cysts?
« Reply #3 on: November 29, 2016, 04:11:08 AM »

Ruptured cysts, which are also rare, can cause intense pain and internal bleeding. This complication increases your risk of an infection and can be life-threatening if left untreated.


Diagnosing an ovarian cyst

Diagnosis

Your doctor can detect an ovarian cyst during a routine pelvic examination. They may notice swelling on one of your ovaries and order an ultrasound test to confirm the presence of a cyst. An ultrasound test (ultrasonography) is an imaging test that uses high-frequency sound waves to produce an image of your internal organs. Ultrasound tests help determine the size, location, shape, and composition (solid or fluid filled) of a cyst.

Imaging tools used to diagnose ovarian cysts include:

    CT scan: a body imaging device used to create cross-sectional images of internal organs
    MRI: a test that uses magnetic fields to produce in-depth images of internal organs
    Ultrasound device: an imaging device used to visualize the ovary

Because the majority of cysts disappear after a few weeks or months, your doctor may not immediately recommend a treatment plan. Instead, they may repeat the ultrasound test in a few weeks or months to check your condition.

If there aren’t any changes in your condition or if the cyst increases in size, your doctor will request additional tests to determine other causes of your symptoms.

These include:

    pregnancy test: to make sure you’re not pregnant
    hormone level test: to check for hormone-related issues, such as too much estrogen or progesterone
    CA-125 blood test: to screen for ovarian cancer


NaijaSky

Re: What are ovarian cysts?
« Reply #3 on: November 29, 2016, 04:11:08 AM »

Offline Wale Adeleke

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Re: What are ovarian cysts?
« Reply #4 on: November 29, 2016, 04:12:31 AM »
Treatment for an ovarian cyst

Treatment

Your doctor may recommend treatment to shrink or remove the cyst if it doesn’t go away on its own or if it grows larger.
Birth control pills

If you have recurrent ovarian cysts, your doctor can prescribe oral contraceptives to stop ovulation and prevent the development of new cysts. Oral contraceptives can also reduce your risk of ovarian cancer. The risk of ovarian cancer is higher in postmenopausal women.
Laparoscopy

If your cyst is small and results from an imaging test rule out cancer, your doctor can perform a laparoscopy to surgically remove the cyst. The procedure involves your doctor making a tiny incision near your navel and then inserting a small instrument into your abdomen to remove the cyst.
Laparotomy

If you have a large cyst, your doctor can surgically remove the cyst through a large incision in your abdomen. They’ll conduct an immediate biopsy, and if they determine that the cyst is cancerous, they may perform a hysterectomy to remove your ovaries and uterus.
Ovarian cyst prevention
Prevention

Ovarian cysts can’t be prevented. However, routine gynecologic examinations can detect ovarian cysts early. Benign ovarian cysts don’t become cancerous. However, symptoms of ovarian cancer can mimic symptoms of an ovarian cyst. Thus, it’s important to visit your doctor and receive a correct diagnosis. Alert your doctor to symptoms that may indicate a problem, such as:

    changes in your menstrual cycle
    ongoing pelvic pain
    loss of appetite
    unexplained weight loss
    abdominal fullness


NaijaSky

Re: What are ovarian cysts?
« Reply #4 on: November 29, 2016, 04:12:31 AM »

Offline Wale Adeleke

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Re: What are ovarian cysts?
« Reply #5 on: November 29, 2016, 04:13:32 AM »
What’s the long-term outlook?

Outlook

The outlook for premenopausal women with ovarian cysts is good. Most cysts disappear within a few months. However, recurrent ovarian cysts can occur in premenopausal women and women with hormone imbalances.

If left untreated, some cysts can decrease fertility. This is common with endometriomas and polycystic ovary syndrome. To improve fertility, your doctor can remove or shrink the cyst. Functional cysts, cystadenomas, and dermoid cysts do not affect fertility.

Although some doctors take a “wait and see” approach with ovarian cysts, your doctor may recommend surgery to remove and examine any cyst or growth that develops on the ovaries after menopause. This is because the risk of developing a cancerous cyst or ovarian cancer increases after menopause. However, ovarian cysts don’t increase the risk of ovarian cancer. Some doctors will remove a cyst if it’s larger than 5 centimeters in diameter.
You asked, we answered

 

NaijaSky

Re: What are ovarian cysts?
« Reply #5 on: November 29, 2016, 04:13:32 AM »

Offline Wale Adeleke

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Re: What are ovarian cysts?
« Reply #6 on: November 29, 2016, 04:14:20 AM »
   What are the implications of ovarian cysts on pregnancy?

How do they affect someone who is pregnant and someone who is trying to get pregnant?

    Some ovarian cysts are associated with decreased fertility while others are not. Endometriomas and cysts from polycystic ovarian syndrome may decrease a woman’s ability to get pregnant. However, functional cysts, dermoid cysts, and cystadenomas are not associated with difficulty in getting pregnant unless they are large. If your physician discovers an ovarian cyst while you are pregnant, the treatment may depend on the type or size of cyst. Most cysts are benign and do not require surgical intervention. However, you may need surgery if the cyst is suspicious for cancer or if the cyst ruptures or twists (known as torsion), or is too large.

NaijaSky

Re: What are ovarian cysts?
« Reply #6 on: November 29, 2016, 04:14:20 AM »


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