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Offline naijatowns

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The music of the Yoruba people
« on: October 03, 2016, 05:10:07 AM »
The music of the Yoruba people

Talking drum
The music of the Yoruba people is perhaps best known for an extremely advanced drumming tradition, especially using the dundun hourglass tension drums.

The representation of musical instruments on sculptural works from Ile-Ife, indicates, in general terms a substantial accord with oral traditions. A lot of these musical instruments date back to the classical period of Ile-Ife, which began at around the 10th century A.D.

Some were already present prior to this period, while others were created later. The hourglass tension drum (Dndn) for example, may have been introduced around the 15th century (1400's), the Benin bronze plaques of the middle period depicts them. Others like the double and single iron clapper-less bells are examples of instruments that preceded classical Ife.

 Yoruba folk music became perhaps the most prominent kind of West African music in Afro-Latin and Caribbean musical styles. Yorb music left an especially important influence on the music of Trinidad, the Lukumi religious traditions, practice and the music of Cuba.

Yoruba drums typically belong to four major families, which are used depending on the context or genre where they are played. The Dndn / Gngan family, is the class of hourglass shaped talking drums, which imitate the sound of Yoruba speech. This is possible because the Yoruba language is tonal in nature. It is the most common and is present in many Yoruba traditions, such as Apala, Jj, Sekere and Afrobeat.

The second is the Sakara family. Typically, they played a ceremonial role in royal settings, weddings and Ork recitation; it is predominantly found in traditions such as Sakara music, Were and Fuji music. The Gbedu family (literally, "large drum") is used by secret fraternities such as the Ogboni and royal courts.

 Historically, only the Oba might dance to the music of the drum. If anyone else used the drum they were arrested for sedition of royal authority. The Gbdu are conga shaped drums played while they sit on the ground.

 Akuba drums (a trio of smaller conga-like drums related to the gbdu) are typically used in afrobeat. The Ogido is a cousin of the gbedu. It is also shaped like a conga but with a wider array of sounds and a bigger body. It also has a much deeper sound than the conga. It is sometimes referred to as the "bass drum". Both hands play directly on the Ogido drum.

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NaijaSky

The music of the Yoruba people
« on: October 03, 2016, 05:10:07 AM »

Offline naijatowns

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Re: The music of the Yoruba people
« Reply #1 on: October 03, 2016, 05:14:51 AM »
Today, the word Gbedu has also come to be used to describe forms of Nigerian Afrobeat and Hip Hop music. The fourth major family of Yoruba drums is the Bt family which are well decorated double faced drums, with various tones.

They were historically played in sacred rituals. They are believed to have been introduced by Shango, an Orisha, during his earthly incarnations as a warrior king. Traditional Yoruba drummers are known as yn. The Yoruba believe that yngal was the first drummer.

 He is also believed to be the spirit or muse that inspires drummers during renditions. This is why some Yoruba family names contain the prefix 'Ayan-' such as Ayangbade, Ayantunde, Ayanwande.

 Ensembles using the dundun play a type of music that is also called dundun.[100] The Ashiko (Cone shaped drums), Igbin, Gudugudu (Kettledrums in the Dndn family), Agidigbo and Bmb are other drums of importance. The leader of a dundun ensemble is the oniyalu meaning; ' Owner of the mother drum ', who uses the drum to "talk" by imitating the tonality of Yoruba. Much of this music is spiritual in nature, and is often devoted to the Orisas.

NaijaSky

Re: The music of the Yoruba people
« Reply #1 on: October 03, 2016, 05:14:51 AM »

Offline naijatowns

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Re: The music of the Yoruba people
« Reply #2 on: October 03, 2016, 05:16:07 AM »
Within each drum family there are different sizes and roles; the lead drum in each family is called y or y l, which means "Mother drum", while the supporting drums are termed Omele.

 Yoruba drumming exemplifies West-African cross-rhythms and is considered to be one of the most advanced drumming traditions in the world. Generally, improvisation is restricted to master drummers.

Some other instruments found in Yoruba music include, but are not limited to; The Gj (violin), Shkr (gourd rattle), Agidigbo (thumb piano that takes the shape of a plucked Lamellophone), Saworo (metal rattles for the arm and ankles, also used on the rim of the bata drum), Fr (whistles), Aro (Cymbal)s, Agog (bell), different types of flutes include the Ekutu, Okinkin & Igba

NaijaSky

Re: The music of the Yoruba people
« Reply #2 on: October 03, 2016, 05:16:07 AM »

Offline Isaac Adeniran

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Re: The music of the Yoruba people
« Reply #3 on: October 03, 2016, 05:17:12 AM »
Oriki (praise singing), a genre of sung poetry, which contains a series of proverbial phrases, praising or characterizing the respective person is of Egba and Ekiti origin, is often considered the oldest Yoruba musical tradition. Other Yoruba vocal traditions include Ijala (hunter chants), Ewi (poetry), and Odu (Ifa worship songs).

 Yoruba music is typically Polyrhythmic, which can be described as interlocking sets of rhythms that fit together somewhat like the pieces in a jigsaw puzzle. There is a basic timeline and each instrument plays a pattern in relation to that timeline.

The resulting ensemble provides the typical sound of West African Yoruba drumming. Yorb music is regarded as the most important components of the modern Nigerian popular music scene.

 Although traditional Yoruba music was not influenced by foreign music, the same cannot be said of modern-day Yoruba music which has evolved and adapted itself through contact with foreign instruments, talent and creativity.
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NaijaSky

Re: The music of the Yoruba people
« Reply #3 on: October 03, 2016, 05:17:12 AM »

Offline naijatowns

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Twins in Yoruba among Yoruba people
« Reply #4 on: October 03, 2016, 05:22:10 AM »
Twins in Yoruba among Yoruba people

The Yoruba present the highest dizygotic twinning rate in the world (4.4% of all maternities).

 They manifest at 4550 twin sets (or 90100 twins) per 1,000 live births, possibly because of high consumption of a specific type of yam containing a natural phytoestrogen which may stimulate the ovaries to release an egg from each side.

Twins are very important for the Yoruba and they usually tend to give special names to each twin.

The first of the twins to be born is traditionally named Taiyewo or Tayewo, which means 'the first to taste the world', or the 'slave to the second twin', this is often shortened to Taiwo, Taiye or Taye.

Kehinde
is the name of the last born twin. Kehinde is sometimes also referred to as Kehindegbegbon which is short for Omokehindegbegbon and means, 'the child that came last gets the rights of the eldest'.

NaijaSky

Twins in Yoruba among Yoruba people
« Reply #4 on: October 03, 2016, 05:22:10 AM »


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