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History of Sapele city in delta state

Sapele is a city in Delta State, Nigeria.

By the mid-19th century, Sapele was established as a trading village, occasionally visited by Europeans. In 1891, the British government established a vice-consulate at Sapele. The population grew to 33,638 by 1952, including people from many Nigerian tribes.

Today, the city has one of Nigeria's major ports. Its industries include the processing of timber, rubber, and palm oil, as well as furniture, tamarind balm and footwear manufacturing. As of 1995, its population was 135,800. And as of 2005/2006, the population of this advancing city is 142,652.




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NaijaSky

History of sapele city in delta state
« on: October 01, 2016, 02:20:08 PM »

Offline naijatowns

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The Origins of Sapele City
« Reply #1 on: October 01, 2016, 02:43:28 PM »
The Origins of Sapele City

SAPELE which is today one of the most important industrial port towns in the Western Region of Nigeria was a small village belonging to the people of Okpe in Urhobo country.  Sapele, Sapoli, and Sapeli, are the European rendering of the Okpe name of the village which is Urhiapele or Urhuapele.


 The hinterland Urhobo call it Isapele and the Itsekiri people generally call it Usapele, both obviously after the European rendering. Urhiapele or Urhuapele is a combination of two Urhobo words – Urhie or Urho and Apele. Urhie or Urho means a river or a stream, and Apele is a name of a Juju of the Okpe owners of the village. Urhiapele or Urhuapele therefore means the “River or the stream of Apele.”

Among the Edo-speaking peoples of South-Western Nigeria, there are two groups of people both of whom bear the name Okpe. The first is the Okpe (Urhobo) people of the Delta Province, and the second is a small group in the north of Benin Province.


 Hubbard has already dealt with the origins of those in the first group while Bradbury dealt with those in the second group.  So far, no affinity between the town Okpe groups has been identified.

At a point somewhere about 60 miles from the sea coast, the Benin River   divides itself into two branches. In 1839, Mr.  Robert Jamieson  of Glasgow, who had considerable trading interests in the Oil Rivers, named the northern branch of the river after himself.


 In April, 1840, during his exploration of the Benin River, Mr. John Beecroft named the southern branch Ethiope after the name of the 30 horse-power craft used for the voyage. The craft belonged to Mr. Robert Jamieson, his employer.(4)  It is on the left bank of the Ethiope River that Sapele is situated.



NaijaSky

The Origins of Sapele City
« Reply #1 on: October 01, 2016, 02:43:28 PM »

Offline naijatowns

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Re: History of sapele city in delta state
« Reply #2 on: October 01, 2016, 02:44:23 PM »
The juju "Urhuapele", according to tradition, was said to have belonged to a single family at Orerokpe. (5) It has also been said that it was Onoje, a member of that family and a son of Orhue, who brought the juju from Orerokpe to Sapele. Onoje was one of the founders of Sapele. At Sapele the juju became a communal juju for the whole people of Sapele. After Onoje, his son Basude became the priest, Basude was succeeded by Amune Aparo. When the latter became a Christian, he was replaced by Uboro. The original sacrificial place for the juju was at the waterside near the site formerly occupied by the Messrs. Miller Brothers (6)  but now occupied by the Stores of the United Africa Company.

It is only a short distance from the Sapele Ferry Landing. The juju still exists but the sacrificial place has been shifted. A small house built for it by its worshipers can be seen in Sapele Urban area near Laborde Street.

The homestead of the Okpe people is Orerokpe. Tradition has it that owing to the autocratic attitude of the Orodje,(7)  the people revolted and killed him. After that incident, the people abandoned Orerokpe and settled in groups in different parts of what is known today as Okpe land in Urhobo country.

 From among those groups of settlers came people like Ijigare, Onoje, Onokuta and Omighodua who were said to be among the founders of Sapele. There is no one alive today who has any idea as to when the revolt at Orerokpe occurred; nor can anyone tell when the subsequent founding of Sapele village took place

NaijaSky

Re: History of sapele city in delta state
« Reply #2 on: October 01, 2016, 02:44:23 PM »

Offline naijatowns

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How Early European Influenceed sapele
« Reply #3 on: October 01, 2016, 02:47:53 PM »
How Early European Influenceed sapele

For how long the Okpe people of Sapele lived on the land before its contact with outside influence, especially by way of trade, no one can surmise.

The Portuguese who the first European power to have influence in the Bight of Benin made contacts with the Kingdoms of Benin and Warri from the middle of the 15th century.

From that period, a considerable amount of trade in slaves, pepper, palm oil, ivory, etc., began with Portugal, Holland, England and other European countries. Some of the market towns on the mouth of Benin River, or in the creeks leading to the River included Arebo or Arbon, Gotton,Boededoe and Meiborg.

 Dr. Talbot thought that Arebo  or Arbon might be Sapele but Sir Richard Burton suggested that Arebo or Arbon was Arogbo.

 From the description of the proximity of the town to the other market towns in the area, and also of the water-plants of the creek, I am inclined to agree with Burton that Arebo or Arbon was Arogbo, not Sapele.

 Captain Gallwey was of the opinion that the Portuguese, in their trade in the Benin River district, "must have confined their labors to the Benin country proper, as there was nothing to show that the white man had ever before been in the Sobo country."

  The Urhobo people were not directly concerned with the European slave-trade. For the little part they played, the Itsekiri and the Ijo people acted as middle-men.

It is a matter for conjecture whether Sapele village existed at the time of the European slave-trade. What seems to be true is that, if it existed, the slave trade activities on the Benin River by Europeans did not extend to Sapele.

 

NaijaSky

How Early European Influenceed sapele
« Reply #3 on: October 01, 2016, 02:47:53 PM »
There has been, so far, no such evidence. There is evidence, however, that from the time of what came to be known as "the legitimate trade" Sapele, the first Urhobo market to be reached from the sea coast, had contacts with Ijo and Itsekiri traders.

These traders acted as middle-men between European supercargoes and merchants on the coast and Urhobo people who are agriculturists and producers of raw materials from the hinterland.

At this distant time, no one can venture to guess when the trade at Sapele started. But Chief A. E. Omarin seemed to have shed a ray of light on the remoteness of the time in his historic letter of 1912  to Chief Dore Numa. Chief Omarin stated in the letter that when Ijeghare  and his people were at Sapele, the 'Ijo' or 'Ujon' people were often troubling him. Ijeghare therefore sent to the Olu to give him one of his Captains to trade with him.

That the "Olu" sent to him at Sapele a man called Ibakpododo, that after Ibakpododo died, Princes "Idolu"  sent "Amakatse". That after Amakatse's death, she sent one Ofokunije.

The significance of the information is the close connection of the action said to have been taken by the Olu and Princess Idolu. If the story is true, then that Olu must be Akengbuwa who died on June 14, 1848.

 It is a fact in Itsekiri history that Princess Idolu took charge of the affairs of the Itsekiri country after Akegbuwa's death. There was no Olu, after Akengubuwa until 1936, when Genuwa II was installed.

The inference to be drawn from Ijeghare's contact with the Olu is that trading in Sapele must have been earlier, probably very much earlier, than 1848. From this point, one may be tempted to hazard a conjecture, albeit reasonable, that the palm-oil trade which began at about the close of the eighteenth century probably stimulated the founding of Sapele-a waterside village-- to facilitate the trade.

This is however a big guess and if one is to go by it, the conclusion may be drawn that Sapele village might have been founded either in the late eighteenth century or in early nineteenth century.

In the first half of the 19th century, however, Europeans paid occasional visits to Sapele. Dr. William F. Daniell visited the area in 1839, and in April, 1840, Mr. John Beecroft explored the Benin river and its two branches including of course Sapele.

NaijaSky

Re: History of sapele city in delta state
« Reply #4 on: October 01, 2016, 02:48:39 PM »

Offline naijatowns

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How British Government was established at Sapele
« Reply #5 on: October 01, 2016, 02:50:22 PM »
How British Government was established at Sapele

In August 1891, the British Government established a Consular Administration over the Oil Rivers Protectorate, later, the Niger Coast Protectorate. The administration, consisting of six consular river districts, was under Major (later Sir) Claude M. Macdonald.

He was the Commissioner and Consul-General and his headquarters was at Calabar. Tow of the sic river districts were located at Benin River and Forcados River.

Shortly after its establishment, the Forcados River District was removed to Warri trading station which is now the Warri Township. It is with the Benin River District that we are concerned in this paper. The first Deputy Commissioner and Vice-Consul in charge of the Benin River District was Captain H. L. Gallwey.

  The District Office was at the mouth of Benin River, 5 mile from the sea coast. The jurisdiction of the Vice-Consul covered the whole of the Benin country and included the south-western part of the Itsekiri country and the north-western part of the Urhobo country particularly along the Ethiope River.

NaijaSky

How British Government was established at Sapele
« Reply #5 on: October 01, 2016, 02:50:22 PM »
About two months after the establishment of the Protectorate Government, Gallwey was given an important duty to carry out. The new Government was anxious to open up the country.

For many years, the powerful Chiefs of the sea coast had prevented European from penetrating into the hinterland. The two powerful Africans in the Benin District who were in the way of the Government were Chief Nana   of Ebrohimi and the Oba of Benin. It was the Government's view that unless both of them changed their attitude, there would be no peace, good government and expanded trade in the area.

The Government would therefore be obliged to take strong measures against them if they did not change. In any case, the new Government needed a force. In order to be assured of an adequate and effective force readily available to sustain the authority of the Consular Officers, it was necessary to have some constabulary post at suitable points in the new Protectorate.

Therefore, one of the first assignments to Gallwey was the survey in October, 1891, of the Urhobo Oil markets along the Ethiope River.

 The objects of Gallwey's survey were however many, namely to endeavor to establish the authority of the new Government, to select suitable sites for Vice-Consulates, barracks and constabulary posts, to impress upon the people the great advantages to be gained by the cultivation of such crops as coffee, cocoa, etc., and to inquire into the general slackness of trade in that part of the Urhobo country.

NaijaSky

Re: History of sapele city in delta state
« Reply #6 on: October 01, 2016, 02:51:56 PM »

Offline naijatowns

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Notable People of Sapele
« Reply #7 on: October 01, 2016, 02:54:09 PM »
Notable People of Sapele


David Defiagbon, Olympic boxing silver medalist
Peter Dedevbo , Nigerian U20- Women's National team Head Coach
Olusoji Fasuba, top sprinter
Ola Rotimi, playwright
Blessing Okagbare, Top Athlete
Kefee, gospel singer and composer
Endurance Ojokolo, Top Athlete
Eromo Egbejule, Nigerian journalist
Akpoyibo.I.Collins,top Athlete
Rev. L. O. Ovbije. An ordained Preacher, Author, Investor and Educator.

NaijaSky

Notable People of Sapele
« Reply #7 on: October 01, 2016, 02:54:09 PM »
Towns and Villages in Sapele LGA
1 Sapele Rural/Amukpa

• Adegbarassa

• Ajakimonu

 Ajamikawa

• Amukpe

• Amuogodo

• Aruowon

• Atamua

• Ebada

• Egbeku

• Egborode

• Emuaegbedi

• Gana

• Ikwewu

• Ogorode

• Okirigwre

• Okuovwori

• Oton

• Sapele

2 Ugborhen

• Ekeresan

• Okopkooro

• Okuodede

• Okuovu

• Ugbokurusu

• Ugborhen

3 Elume

• Amuokpokpo

• Elume

• Igbimidaka

• Inabome

• Jakpa

• Ogiedi

• Okuoke

• Olan

• Onoghro

• Oyohe

NaijaSky

Towns and Villages in Sapele LGA
« Reply #8 on: October 01, 2016, 02:56:00 PM »


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