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Offline Isaac Adeniran

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What is Eczema?
« on: May 05, 2018, 12:10:47 AM »
What is Eczema?


Eczema is a medical condition in which patches of skin  become rough and inflamed, with blisters that cause itching and bleeding,  sometimes resulting from a reaction to irritation (eczematous dermatitis) but more typically having no obvious external cause.
 Eczema is a group of unrelated diseases that have a similar  appearance. When it is new eczema, the affected skin appears red and elevated  with small blisters (vesicles) containing a clear fluid.

Types of Eczema
  • Atopic dermatitis: This condition has a genetic  basis and is the most common type of eczema. Atopic dermatitis tends to begin  early in life in those with a predisposition to inhalant allergies, but it probably does not have an allergic basis. Characteristically, rashes occur on  the cheeks, neck, elbow and knee creases, and ankles.
  • Contact eczema - a localized reaction where the  skin has come into contact with an allergen
  • Dyshidriotic eczema - irritation of skin on  palms of hands and soles of feet, characterized by blisters
  • Allergic contact eczema (dermatitis) - a  reaction where the skin has come into contact with a substance that the immune  system recognizes as foreign
  • Fungal infections: This can produce a pattern  identical to many other types of eczema, but the fungus can be visualized with  a scraping under the microscope or grown in culture.
  • Irritant dermatitis: This occurs when the skin  is repeatedly exposed to toxic substances.
  • Lichen simplex chronicus: It produces thickened  plaques of skin commonly found on the shins and neck.
  • Neurodermatitis - scaly patches of skin on head,  forearms, wrists, lower legs caused by localized itch such as an insect bite
  • Nummular eczema: This is a nonspecific term for  coin-shaped plaques of scaling skin most often on the lower legs of older individuals.
  • Pompholyx (dyshidrotic eczema): This is a common  but poorly understood condition which classically affects the hands and occasionally the feet by producing an itchy rash composed of tiny blisters  (vesicles) on the sides of the fingers or toes and palms or soles.
  • Scabies: It's caused by an infestation by the  human itch mite and may produce a rash very similar to other forms of eczema.
  • Seborrheic eczema: It produces a rash on the  scalp, face, ears, and occasionally the mid-chest in adults. In infants, in can  produce a weepy, oozy rash behind the ears and can be quite extensive,  involving the entire body
  • Stasis dermatitis: It commonly occurs on the  swollen lower legs of people who have poor circulation in the veins of the  legs.
  • Xerotic (dry skin) eczema: When the skin becomes  pathologically dry, it will crack and ooze.


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What is Eczema?
« on: May 05, 2018, 12:10:47 AM »


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