Author Treatment for Nosebleeding- Epistaxis  (Read 128 times)

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Offline Isaac Adeniran

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Treatment for Nosebleeding- Epistaxis
« on: May 05, 2018, 01:14:24 AM »
Treatment for Nosebleeding- Epistaxis



 Medical approaches to the  treatment of epistaxis may include the following:
 
  • Adequate  pain control in patients with nasal packing, especially in those with posterior  packing (However, the need of adequate pain control has to be balanced with the  concern over hypoventilation in the patient with posterior pack.)
  • Oral  and topical antibiotics to prevent rhinosinusitis and possibly toxic shock  syndrome
  • Avoidance  of aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • Medications  to control underlying medical problems (eg, hypertension, vitamin K deficiency)  in consultation with other specialists
  • Remain  calm.
  • Sit  up straight and lean slightly forward.
  • Lean  your head forward. Tilting your head back will only cause you to swallow the  blood.
  • Pinch  the nostrils together and apply direct pressure with the thumb and index finger  for approximately 10 minutes. Time it to make sure the nostrils are not  released earlier.
  • Spit  out any blood in the mouth. Swallowing blood may make the affected individual  vomit.
  • This  technique will stop the majority of simple nosebleeds.
What to do after the bleeding has stopped
 
  • Once  the bleeding has stopped, try to prevent any further irritation to the nose,  such as sneezing, nose blowing, or straining for 24 hours.
  • Ice  packs do not help nosebleeds.
  • Exposure  to dry air, such as in a heated home in the winter, can contribute to the  problem. Adding moisture to the air with a humidifier or vaporizer will help  keep the nose from drying out and triggering more bleeding. Another option is  to place a pan filled with water near a heat source, such as a radiator, which  allows the water to evaporate and adds moisture to the air.
  • Nasal  saline sprays or other lubricating ointments or gels also may be useful to  promote tissue healing and keeps the nasal passages moist.


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Treatment for Nosebleeding- Epistaxis
« on: May 05, 2018, 01:14:24 AM »


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