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Offline Isaac Adeniran

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Virtues of Muharram and Fasting on Ashura
« on: September 30, 2017, 12:04:14 AM »
*Virtues of Muharram and Fasting on 'Ashura',*

By
_Sheikh SALIH AL-MUNAJJID_

Written:: _Salis Kura_
Posting by :: _Yusuf Jaafar_

(Episode 5)

_It is Mustahabb (Encouraged) to Fast Tasu'a' with 'Ashura'...._

'Abdullah ibn 'Abbas ( may Allah be pleased with them both ) said: "When the Messenger of Allah ( peace and blessings of Allah be upon him ) fasted on 'Ashura' and commanded the Muslims to fast as well, they said, 'O Messenger of Allah, it is a day that is venerated by the Jews and Christians.'

 The Messenger of Allah ( peace and blessings of Allah be upon him ) said, 'If I live to see the next year, in sha Allah, we will fast on the ninth day too.' But it so happened that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) passed away before the next year came."

 [Reported by Muslim, 1916]
Ash-Shafi'i and his companions, Ahmad, Ishaq and others said: "It is mustahabb to fast on both the ninth and tenth days, because the Prophet ( peace and blessings of Allah be upon him ) fasted on the tenth, and intended to fast on the ninth."

On this basis it may be said that there are varying degrees of fasting 'Ashura' , the least of which is to fast only on the tenth and the best of which is to fast the ninth as well. The more one fasts in Muharram, the better it is.

*The Reason Why it is Mustahabb to Fast on Tasu'a'*

An-Nawawi ( may Allah have mercy on him ) said:
"The scholars our companions and others mentioned several reasons why it is mustahabb to fast on Tasu'a' :

The intention behind it is to be different from the Jews, who only venerate the tenth day.

This opinion was reported from Ibn 'Abbas
The intention is to add another day's fast to 'Ashura' . This is akin to the prohibition on fasting a Friday by itself, as was mentioned by al-Khattabi and others.

To be on the safe side and make sure that one fasts on the tenth, in case there is some error in sighting the crescent moon at the beginning of Muharram and the ninth is in fact the tenth."

The strongest of these reasons is being different from the People of the Book.






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Virtues of Muharram and Fasting on Ashura
« on: September 30, 2017, 12:04:14 AM »

Offline Isaac Adeniran

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Re: Virtues of Muharram and Fasting on Ashura
« Reply #1 on: September 30, 2017, 12:04:52 AM »
Shaykh ul-Islam ibn Taymiyyah (may Allah have mercy on him ) said: "The Prophet ( peace and blessings of Allah be upon him ) forbade imitating the People of the Book in many
ahadith, for example, his words concerning
'Ashura' : 'If I live until the next year, I will certainly fast on the ninth day.'

 " [ Al-Fatawa al-Kubra , part 6, Sadd adh-Dhara'i' al-Mufdiyyah ila'l-Maharim ]
Ibn Hajar (may Allah be pleased with him ) said in his commentary on the hadith "If I live until the next year, I will certainly fast on the ninth day" and "What he meant by fasting on the ninth day was probably not that he would limit himself to that day, but would add it to the tenth, either to be on the safe side or to be different from the Jews and Christians, which is more likely.

This is also what we can understand from some of the reports narrated by Muslim." [ Fath , 4/245]


*Ruling on Fasting Only on the Day of 'Ashura'*

Shaykh ul-Islam said:

 "Fasting on the day of
'Ashura' is an expiation for a year, and it is not
makruh to fast only that day .

 " [ Al-Fatawa al-Kubra , part 5] In Tuhfat al-Muhtaj by Ibn Hajar al-Haytami, it says: "There is nothing wrong with fasting only on 'Ashura' ."
[Part 3, Bab Sawm at-Tatawwu' ]

To be continued

NaijaSky

Re: Virtues of Muharram and Fasting on Ashura
« Reply #1 on: September 30, 2017, 12:04:52 AM »


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