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Offline Ade Omo Ade

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Brief History of Ile Ife in Osun state Nigeria
« on: July 01, 2012, 05:14:30 AM »
Brief History of Ile Ife in Osun state Nigeria

 Ilé-Ifẹ̀ is an ancient Yoruba city in south-western Nigeria and dated back to as early as 600 BCE

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Brief History of Ile Ife in Osun state Nigeria
« on: July 01, 2012, 05:14:30 AM »

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Offline Ade Omo Ade

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Re: Brief History of Ile Ife in Osun state Nigeria
« Reply #1 on: July 01, 2012, 05:15:47 AM »
Mythic origin of Ife, the holy city: Creation of the world

The Yoruba originated in Ife.

According to their mythology, Olodumare, the Supreme God, ordered Obatala to create the earth but on his way he found palm wine, drank it and became intoxicated.

Therefore the younger brother of the latter, Oduduwa, took the three items of creation from him, climbed down from the heavens on a chain and threw a handful of earth on the primordial ocean, then put a cockerel on it so that it would scatter the earth, thus creating the land on which Ile Ife would be built.

Oduduwa planted a palm nut in a hole in the newly formed land and from there sprang a great tree with sixteen branches, a symbolic representation of the clans of the early Ife city-state.

The usurpation of creation by Oduduwa gave rise to the ever lasting conflict between him and his elder brother Obatala, which is still re-enacted in the modern era by the cult groups of the two clans during the Itapa New Year festival

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Re: Brief History of Ile Ife in Osun state Nigeria
« Reply #1 on: July 01, 2012, 05:15:47 AM »

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Offline Ade Omo Ade

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Re: Brief History of Ile Ife in Osun state Nigeria
« Reply #2 on: July 01, 2012, 05:27:24 AM »
On account of his creation of the world Oduduwa became the ancestor of the first divine king of the Yoruba, while Obatala is believed to have created the first humans out of clay.

The meaning of the word "ife" in Yoruba is "expansion"; "Ile-Ife" is therefore in reference to the myth of origin "The Land of Expansion".

 Due to this fact, the city is commonly regarded as the cradle of not just the Yoruba culture, but all of humanity as well, especially by the followers of the Yoruba faith.

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Re: Brief History of Ile Ife in Osun state Nigeria
« Reply #2 on: July 01, 2012, 05:27:24 AM »

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Offline Ade Omo Ade

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Re: Brief History of Ile Ife in Osun state Nigeria
« Reply #3 on: July 01, 2012, 05:29:50 AM »
Founding of Ife, the holy city: Immigration from the ancient Near East

According to another origin myth of Ife, Oduduwa was the son of Lamurudu, a prince from the Near East, who migrated with his people and the cult objects from Arabia to the Central Sudan where he founded the town of Ife.

 Oduduwa and his followers left their homeland perhaps as early as the end of the seventh century BCE.

Perhaps the Yoruba were therefore the product of intermarriage between a group of invaders from the ancient Near East and the indigenous inhabitants of the forest.

There is also a relation between the Ife kingdom and the even more ancient Nok culture of the savanna, recognized by similarities in the artistic and technological techniques of the two.

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Re: Brief History of Ile Ife in Osun state Nigeria
« Reply #3 on: July 01, 2012, 05:29:50 AM »

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Offline Ade Omo Ade

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Re: Brief History of Ile Ife in Osun state Nigeria
« Reply #4 on: July 01, 2012, 05:33:48 AM »
Origin of the regional states: Dispersal from the holy city, Ife

Oduduwa had sons, daughters and a grandson who went on to found their own kingdoms and empires, namely Ila Orangun, Owu, Ketu, Sabe, Popo, Oyo and Benin.

Oranmiyan, Oduduwa's last born, was one of his father's principal ministers and overseer of the nascent Edo empire after Oduduwa granted the plea of the Edo people for his governance.

When Oranmiyan decided to go back to Ile Ife after a period of service in Benin, he left behind a child named Eweka that he had had in the interim with an indigenous princess.

The young boy went on to become the first legitimate ruler of the second Edo dynasty that has ruled what is now Benin from that day to this.

Oranmiyan later went on to found the Oyo empire that stretched at its height from the western banks of the river Niger to the Eastern banks of the river Volta.

It would serve as one of the most powerful of Africa's medieval states prior to its collapse in the 19th century.

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Re: Brief History of Ile Ife in Osun state Nigeria
« Reply #4 on: July 01, 2012, 05:33:48 AM »

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Offline Ade Omo Ade

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Re: Brief History of Ile Ife in Osun state Nigeria
« Reply #5 on: July 01, 2012, 05:43:34 AM »
The city was a settlement of substantial size between the 9th and 12th centuries, with houses featuring potsherd pavements.

Ilé-Ifè is known worldwide for its ancient and naturalistic bronze, stone and terracotta sculptures, which reached their peak of artistic expression between 1200 and 1400 A.D.

After this period, production declined as political and economic power shifted to the nearby kingdom of Benin which, like the Yoruba kingdom of Oyo, developed into a major empire.

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Re: Brief History of Ile Ife in Osun state Nigeria
« Reply #5 on: July 01, 2012, 05:43:34 AM »

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Offline Ade Omo Ade

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Re: Brief History of Ile Ife in Osun state Nigeria
« Reply #6 on: July 01, 2012, 05:45:01 AM »
Bronze and terracotta art created by this civilization are significant examples of realism in pre-colonial African art.

In his book, "The Oral Traditions in Ile-Ife," Yemi D. Prince referred to the terracotta artists of 900 A.D. as the founders of Art Guilds, cultural schools of philosophy, which today can be likened to many of Europe's old institutions of learning which were originally established as religious bodies.

These guilds may well be some of the oldest non-Abrahamic African centres of learning to remain as viable entities in the contemporary world.

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Re: Brief History of Ile Ife in Osun state Nigeria
« Reply #6 on: July 01, 2012, 05:45:01 AM »

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Offline Ade Omo Ade

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Re: Brief History of Ile Ife in Osun state Nigeria
« Reply #7 on: July 01, 2012, 05:46:57 AM »
Today a mid-sized city, Ife is home to both the Obafemi Awolowo University and the Natural History Museum of Nigeria.

Its people are of the Yoruba ethnic group, one of the largest ethno-linguistic groupings in Africa and its Diaspora (The population of the Yoruba outside of their homeland is said to be more than the population of Yoruba in Nigeria, about 35 million).


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Re: Brief History of Ile Ife in Osun state Nigeria
« Reply #7 on: July 01, 2012, 05:46:57 AM »

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Offline Ade Omo Ade

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Re: Brief History of Ile Ife in Osun state Nigeria
« Reply #8 on: July 01, 2012, 05:47:49 AM »
Ife has a local television station called NTA Ife, and is home to various businesses.

 It is also the trade center for a farming region where Yams, cassava, grain, cacao, and tobacco are grown.

Cotton is also produced, and is used to weave cloth. Hotels in Ilé-Ife include Hotel Diganga Ife-Ibadan road, Mayfair Hotel, Obafemi Awolowo University Guest House etc.

Ilé-Ife has a stadium with a capacity of 9,000 and a second division professional league football team.

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Re: Brief History of Ile Ife in Osun state Nigeria
« Reply #8 on: July 01, 2012, 05:47:49 AM »

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