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Brief History of Gumel
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Gumel or Gummel is a town and traditional emirate in Jigawa State, Nigeria.
Gumel is located 120 km northeast of Kano, and lies about 20 km south of Nigeria's northern border with Niger. As of 2007 the estimated population of Gumel was 44,158
The emirate was founded about 1750 by Dan Juma of Kano city and his followers from the Mangawa tribe. Shortly after his death in 1754, it became a tributary state of the Bornu kingdom. The emirate survived the Fulani attacks of Usman dan Fodio's jihad in the early 19th century and never became part of the Fulani empire of Sokoto. The present day location of Gumel is the result of an 1845 move from the city of Tumbi, which is located in present day Niger. The emirate has frequently been at war with the nearby cities of Hadejia, Danzomo, Kano, and Zinder since 1828. The war with Hadejia continued until the death of Gumel's emir, Abdullahi, in 1872. Before Emir Ahmadu accepted British rule in 1903 frequent slave raids from the town of Zinder were common. In 1976 Gumel became part of Kano State, and since 1991 it has been part of Jigawa State near by Danzomo, Gagarawa, Sule Tankarkar, Maigatari.

The current Emir of Gumel, HRH Alh. Ahmed Mohammed Sani II is the 16th Emir of Gumel. The Emir is a graduate of Political Science, Ohio State University United States of America and has been in office since 1981. The Emir's Palace is accessible only to those invited there by the Emir, members of the Royal family, and officials of the Royal court (the emirate council also called the Majlis).


The Gumel Emirate family tree

Emirs

    1749 - 1754 Dan Juma I dan Musa
    1754 - 1760 Adamu Karro dan Digadiga Karro (d. 1760)
    1760 - 1777 Dan Juma II dan Digadiga Karro
    1777 - 1804 Maikota dan Adam Karro (d. 1804)
    1804 - 1811 Kalgo dan Maikota (d. 1811)
    1811 - 1828 Dan Auwa dan Maikota (d. 1828)
    1828 - 1851 Muhamman Dan Tanoma dan Maikota (d. 1851)
    1851 - 1853 Ceri dan Muhamman Dan Tanoma (1st time)
    1853 - 1855 Muhamman Atu dan Dan Auwa
    1855 - 1861 Ceri dan Muhamman Dan Tanoma (2nd time)
    1861 - 1872 `Abd Allahi dan Muhamman Dan Tanoma (d. 1872)
    1872 - 1896 Abu Bakar dan Muhamman Dan Tanoma (d. 1896)
    1896 - 1915 Ahmadu dan Abi Bakar
    1915 - 1944 Muhamman na Kota dan Ahmadu (d. 1944)
    May 1944 - 1981 Maina Muhamman dan Muhamman na Kota (b. 1912)
    1981 - Ahmad Muhammad Sani dan Maina Muhamman

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Brief History of Gumel
« on: May 14, 2014, 03:52:58 AM »


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