Woman Health

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xx causes of painful sexual intercourse
March 05, 2018, 05:14:47 AM by Isaac Adeniran
Dyspareunia is painful sexual intercourse due to medical or psychological causes. The pain can primarily be on the external surface of the genitalia, or deeper in the pelvis upon deep pressure against the cervix. It can affect a small portion of the vulva or vagina or be felt all over the surface. Understanding the duration, location, and nature of the pain is important in identifying the causes of the pain.
clip Woman With Transplanted Uterus Gives Birth, the First in the U.S.A
December 04, 2017, 11:30:08 AM by Isaac Adeniran
Woman With Transplanted Uterus Gives Birth, the First in the U.S.A
Dr. Robert T. Gunby Jr. delivering a baby born to a woman who had received a transplanted uterus. This was the first birth after a uterus transplant in the United States, at Baylor University Medical Center in Dallas.CreditShannon Faulk/Baylor University Medical Center at Dallas

By Denise Grady

For the first time in the United States, a woman who had a uterus transplant has given birth.

The mother, who was born without a uterus, received the transplant from a living donor last year at Baylor University Medical Center in Dallas, and had a baby boy there last month, the hospital said on Friday.

At the family’s request, their name, hometown and the date of the birth are being withheld to protect their privacy, according to Julie Smith, a spokeswoman for the hospital, which is part of Baylor Scott & White Health.
clip World’s youngest mother had a baby at age five
September 10, 2017, 04:59:56 AM by Isaac Adeniran
World’s youngest mother had a baby at age five

The hardest thing you had to do when you were five years old was probably decide which toy to play with first. Otherwise, life was pretty and simple back then.

Not so for five-year-old Lina Medina, a little Peruvian girl who, in 1939, gave birth to a baby boy, becoming the world’s youngest mother on record, according to The Sun. How did it happen?

The Sun reports that when little Medina’s abdomen began growing at age five and she complained of stomach pains, doctors thought she had a large tumor. But tests revealed that she was actually seven months pregnant, and soon after, she had her son, Gerardo on May 14, 1939 — a completely healthy, 2.7kg baby boy.

xx Why women urinate frequently
June 04, 2017, 12:23:58 AM by Isaac Adeniran
Why women urinate frequently

A woman, a beer parlour owner, who was passing urine frequently, was accused by husband of taking too much of what she sells. The argument got so heated that he forced her to go for a test. Lo and behold, the result had no traces of alcohol, rather it was a case of frequent urination due to an overactive bladder!

Urination is the body’s way of getting rid of excess water, as well as wastes. While this is an important function for survival, its frequency can interfere with a woman’s quality of life.
clip How irregular periods affect infertility
February 16, 2017, 01:45:47 AM by abejoye
How irregular periods affect infertility

By professor Oladapo Ashiru

The regular menstrual cycle is supposed to be 28 to 30 days. That is, the woman is supposed to have her period every 28 to 30 days. When the period comes more frequently than this, it is referred to as dysfunctional uterine bleeding and it can be a major cause of infertility.

If the woman is bleeding constantly, it can cause infertility simply because the couple will not be able to have sex because of the bleeding.

For example, I had a patient whose period lasted full 17 days. Even though the period was not heavy, it created a problem because it made it impossible for her and her husband to have intercourse.

The period would go on for days, clear up for a few days only for the spotting to start again. They were married for six years without getting pregnant. About 70 per cent of women who have this condition do not release any egg during the menstrual cycle.

Their irregular periods are due to a hormonal imbalance between oestrogen and progesterone. This is a very significant cause of infertility making up to 10 per cent of the causes of infertility.

A woman’s menstrual cycle is controlled by two hormones, oestrogen and progesterone. The levels of these two hormones vary during the month. During the first half of the month oestrogen is high to stimulate the growth of the uterine lining which is called the endometrium, to produce egg.

When the egg is ready for fertilisation around the 14th day, progesterone rises and causes changes in the endometrial lining to prepare it for pregnancy.

If the egg is however not fertilised, the progesterone levels fall and the unfertilised egg is shed in the monthly period. If oestrogen levels are abnormal, there will be no production of eggs. This will also disturb the production of progesterone and therefore the periods will be irregular.

 In cases of irregular periods, even when the couple have intercourse during the times that the woman should normally be fertile, there may be no eggs to be fertilised as she is not producing any eggs. Irregular periods are therefore the first sign that there are may be problems with a woman’s reproductive system.

clip What is Breast Cancer
January 12, 2017, 02:25:17 PM by life4real
What is Breast Cancer

Cancer is a disease in which cells become abnormal and form more cells in an uncontrolled way. With breast cancer, the cancer begins in the tissues that make up the breasts. The cancerous cells may form a mass of tissue called a malignant tumor. The cells of a malignant tumor may spread to other parts of the body and threaten life. (Benign [buh-NYN] tumors are abnormal growths that are not cancer. The cells of a benign tumor do not spread to other parts of the body and do not threaten life.)

The most common types of breast cancer are:

Lobular carcinoma (LAH-byuh-luhr KAR-sih-NOH-muh) — Cancer that begins in the glands of the breast that make milk. These milk-making glands are called lobules. About 1 in 10 breast cancers are this type.
Ductal carcinoma — Cancer that begins in the milk ducts of the breast. Milk ducts are thin tubes that carry milk from the lobules to the nipple. About 8 in 10 breast cancers are this type.
In addition, there are two types of breast tumors that are not cancer but increase the risk of breast cancer:

Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) — DCIS is a condition in which abnormal cells are found in the lining of breast ducts. These cells have not spread outside the duct to the surrounding breast tissue. But some cases of DCIS become breast cancer over time. So DCIS is sometimes called Stage 0 breast cancer. Since it's not possible to know which cases of DCIS will become breast cancer, it's important to get treatment for DCIS. Women with DCIS often are treated with breast-sparing surgery and radiation therapy. Radiation therapy lowers the chance that DCIS will come back or develop into breast cancer. If a large area of DCIS is found or it is found in more than one location, some women will choose to have a mastectomy. Underarm lymph nodes usually are not removed in the treatment of DCIS. The drug tamoxifen, which stops the growth of breast tumors that depend on estrogen, is also sometimes used in the treatment of DCIS. Tamoxifen may decrease the risk of a breast cancer developing in the same breast after treatment or in the opposite breast.

Lobular carcinoma in situ
(LCIS) — LCIS is a condition in which abnormal cells are found in breast lobules. In contrast with DCIS, there is no evidence that the abnormal cells will become cancerous. However, having LCIS means that a woman has an increased risk of developing breast cancer in either breast. Despite this increased risk, most women with LCIS will never get breast cancer. Most women with LCIS are followed closely with regular checkups and mammograms. Some women choose to take tamoxifen to decrease their risk of developing breast cancer. Rarely, women with LCIS choose to have both breasts removed as a preventive measure, but most doctors think this approach is inappropriate.
xx What is Mammograms
January 11, 2017, 02:38:16 PM by life4real
What is Mammograms

A mammogram is a low-dose x-ray exam of the breasts to look for changes that are not normal. A mammogram allows the doctor to have a closer look for changes in breast tissue that cannot be felt during a breast exam. Women ages 50 to 74 years should get a mammogram every 2 years. Women younger than age 50 should talk to a doctor about when to start and how often to have a mammogram

A mammogram is a low-dose x-ray exam of the breasts to look for changes that are not normal. The results are recorded on x-ray film or directly into a computer for a doctor called a radiologist to examine.

A mammogram allows the doctor to have a closer look for changes in breast tissue that cannot be felt during a breast exam. It is used for women who have no breast complaints and for women who have breast symptoms, such as a change in the shape or size of a breast, a lump, nipple discharge, or pain. Breast changes occur in almost all women. In fact, most of these changes are not cancer and are called "benign," but only a doctor can know for sure. Breast changes can also happen monthly, due to your menstrual period.
xx Urinary tract infections in Women
January 10, 2017, 03:41:01 PM by life4real
Urinary tract infections in Women

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection anywhere in the urinary tract. The urinary tract makes and stores urine and removes it from the body. UTIs are easily treated with antibiotics, but untreated UTIs can damage your kidneys. You can take steps at home to help prevent UTIs.
xx The painful facts about Genital Herpes
January 10, 2017, 10:53:07 AM by Success Writer
The painful facts about Genital Herpes

A young woman* came into my office complaining of horrible pain and itching in her genital area. She had recently started dating, and her current boyfriend was her first sexual contact. He, however, had had other partners before her. She had telltale sores and tests confirmed that the cause was genital herpes.

(*This is not one specific person but actually a composite of many patients. When I say we see a lot of genital herpes in our practice, I really mean it.)
Genital herpes is far and away the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI) that we see in primary care. I find myself explaining the diagnosis to distressed patients far more often than I would like. That’s why I was thrilled to see an update on genital herpes in a recent issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

There are two types of herpes, HSV-1 and HSV-2. Generally speaking, HSV-1 is responsible for those annoying cold sores (skin ulcers) that can pop up during times of stress or lack of sleep. HSV-2 usually causes genital sores. Many people don’t realize that HSV-1 can cause genital ulcers as well, though these tend to be less severe and less likely to recur.

xx What are ovarian cysts?
November 29, 2016, 04:07:39 AM by Wale Adeleke

What are ovarian cysts?

    Most women will experience a cyst on the ovaries at least once, and most are painless, cause no symptoms, and are discovered during a routine pelvic exam.

    Symptoms of an ovarian cyst include:




painful bowel movements,

and pain during sex.

    In rare cases, an ovarian cyst can cause serious problems, so it’s best to have it checked by your doctor.
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