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Medical Surgery

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clip Overview of Appendicitis
May 10, 2019, 12:15:02 PM by Charles Dickson
Overview of Appendicitis
 
  • Inflamed appendixAppendicitis
  Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix, a finger-shaped pouch that projects from your colon on the lower right side of your abdomen. The appendix doesn't seem to have a specific purpose.
Appendicitis causes pain in your lower right abdomen. However, in most people, pain begins around the navel and then moves. As inflammation worsens, appendicitis pain typically increases and eventually becomes severe.
Although anyone can develop appendicitis, most often it occurs in people between the ages of 10 and 30. Standard treatment is surgical removal of the appendix.
     SymptomsSigns and symptoms of appendicitis may include:
 
  • Sudden pain that begins on the right side of the lower abdomen
  • Sudden pain that begins around your navel and often shifts to your lower right abdomen
  • Pain that worsens if you cough, walk or make other jarring movements
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Low-grade fever that may worsen as the illness progresses
  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • Abdominal bloating
The site of your pain may vary, depending on your age and the position of your appendix. When you're pregnant, the pain may seem to come from your upper abdomen because your appendix is higher during pregnancy.
 When to see a doctor Make an appointment with a doctor if you or your child has worrisome signs or symptoms. Severe abdominal pain requires immediate medical attention.
 Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic CausesA blockage in the lining of the appendix that results in infection is the likely cause of appendicitis. The bacteria multiply rapidly, causing the appendix to become inflamed, swollen and filled with pus. If not treated promptly, the appendix can rupture.
 ComplicationsAppendicitis can cause serious complications, such as:
 
  • A ruptured appendix. A rupture spreads infection throughout your abdomen (peritonitis). Possibly life-threatening, this condition requires immediate surgery to remove the appendix and clean your abdominal cavity.
  • A pocket of pus that forms in the abdomen. If your appendix bursts, you may develop a pocket of infection (abscess). In most cases, a surgeon drains the abscess by placing a tube through your abdominal wall into the abscess. The tube is left in place for two weeks, and you're given antibiotics to clear the infection.
    Once the infection is clear, you'll have surgery to remove the appendix. In some cases, the abscess is drained, and the appendix is removed immediately.
 
     
 
xx Appendicitis Home Remedies and Home Cure
May 09, 2018, 09:01:37 PM by Charles Dickson
Appendicitis Home Remedies and Home Cure
Appendicitis

Castor Oil: Castor oil is an effective home remedy for appendicitis. A castor oil pack can help relieve the blockage and reduce inflammation, and castor oil taken orally helps treat constipation and improves bowel movements.
Prepare a castor oil pack by folding a large flannel cloth into layers and pouring 2 tablespoons of castor oil on it.
Lie down on an old towel and put the flannel cloth on your abdomen.
Repeat this remedy 3 times a week for 2 to 3 months.
2. Garlic: Garlic has anti-inflammatory therapeutic potential that aids in the treatment of appendicitis. It helps reduce the inflammation as well as pain.
Eat 2 to 3 raw garlic cloves on an empty stomach daily. You can also use garlic in your cooking.
Another option is to take garlic capsules, but only after consulting a doctor.
3. Ginger: Due to its anti-inflammatory properties, ginger also helps treat appendicitis. It can reduce pain and inflammation, while also helping relieve the common symptoms of vomiting and nausea.  Drink ginger tea 2 or 3 times daily. To prepare ginger tea, simmer 1 teaspoon of grated ginger or ginger slices in a cup of boiling water for 5 to 10 minutes.
Massage your lower abdomen with ginger oil a few times daily.
You can also take ginger capsules, but only after consulting your doctor.
clip Appendicitis-diagnosis, treatment and prevention
May 09, 2018, 08:57:11 PM by Charles Dickson
How to diagnose Appendicitis
The diagnosis of appendicitis begins with a thorough history and physical examination.
When a patients is having the above symptoms with an elevated temperature,your doctor might suspect appendicitis and further in his investigation, which can include:

    Physical examination to assess your pain: Your doctor may apply gentle pressure on the painful area.
    Blood test - to determine whether there is an infection.
    A urine test - this will identify a kidney or bladder infection.
    An MRI, CT or ultrasound scan

How to Prevent Appendicitis
There is no way to prevent appendicitis. However, appendicitis is less common in people who eat foods high in fiber, such as fresh fruits and vegetables.




Treatment for Appendicitis
Surgery to remove the appendix, which is called an appendectomy, is the standard treatment for appendicitis.  Appendicitis treatment usually involves surgery to remove the inflamed appendix. If you have a ruptured abscess or appendix, surgery may be necessary right away, before surgery you may be given a dose of antibiotics to prevent infection.

Appendectomy can be performed as open surgery using one abdominal incision about 5 to 10 cm long (laparotomy). Or the surgery can be done through a few small abdominal incisions (laparoscopic surgery). During a laparoscopic appendectomy, the surgeon inserts special surgical tools and a video camera into your abdomen to remove your appendix.
How to Prevent Appendicitis without surgery
The study finds that in uncomplicated cases, most patients with an inflamed appendix can be treated successfully with antibiotics instead of having to undergo surgery. “Antibiotic therapy may be an option for some patients,”
xx How to Prevent Appendicitis Symptoms from Worsening
May 09, 2018, 08:52:58 PM by Charles Dickson
How to Prevent Appendicitis Symptoms from Worsening

When toxic products accumulate in your body, this may lead to inflammation and irritation of the appendix. In some cases, further infection may be caused by the presence of germs in your intestinal tract. You can use natural cures to treat the pain associated with appendix safely and on a budget, but you should also talk to your doctor. Here are some natural prevention methods.

1. Mind Your Diet: Experts have found a significant correlation between diets low in fiber and appendicitis. Diets that are high in fiber may be gentle on the digestive system. To get enough soluble fiber, try eating fruits and vegetables. To get non-soluble fiber, eat whole grains, wheat bread, cucumber, celery, zucchini, and carrots. By following a proper, well-balanced diet, you can also help reduce your risk of appendicitis. Also, make sure to drink enough fluid so your body stays hydrated.

2. Water: No matter the stomach problem, water is a great treatment option and appendicitis is no exception. Warm water, in particular, is helpful, so try drinking it for three days in a row to see results. As a bonus, water will also help cleanse your bowels. You can also drink juice made using fresh fruits or apply a hot compress on your abdomen.

3. Fenugreek & Milk: It can help to drink tea made from fenugreek seeds. This will also serve the benefit of preventing mucus and pus from forming in excessive quantities within your appendix. You can also drink this fenugreek seed tea regularly to help with your overall health.
clip Causes, signs and symptoms of Appendicitis
May 09, 2018, 08:48:33 PM by Charles Dickson
Causes of Appendicitis     





Experts said there are two likely causes of appendicitis, they are:
Infection: A stomach infection may have found its way to the appendix.
Obstruction: is often due to an accumulation of fecal matter. A hard piece of stool may have got trapped in the appendix. The bacteria in the trapped stool may then have infected the appendix, obstruction could be partial or complete.


Symptoms/Signs of Appendicitis
At first the pain can be felt anywhere in the stomach area, but later, as it intensifies, its location becomes more defined in the lower right-hand side of the abdomen. Symptoms of appendicitis include:

    Abdominal swelling
    Constipation
    Diarrhea
    Feeling sick
    Inability to pass gas
    Low grade fever
    Lower right side abdominal pain
    Loss of appetite
    Nausea
    A sense you might feel better after passing stool
    Painful coughing or sneezing
    Pain around the navel (bellybutton)
    Progressively worsening pain
    Vomiting   
clip Appendicitis
May 09, 2018, 08:05:48 PM by Charles Dickson
Appendicitis



What Is Appendicitis?
Appendicitis is a serious medical condition in which the appendix becomes inflamed and painful it may be acute or chronic.
Appendicitis starts with a pain in the abdomen it comes and come after a while i.e. on and off, Within hours, the pain travels to your lower right-hand side, where the appendix is usually found, and becomes constant and severe.
It is a medical emergency that requires prompt surgery to remove the appendix. If you do not  treat it on time, an inflamed appendix will eventually burst, or perforate, spilling infectious materials into the abdominal cavity which is the most dangerous part of it, this is a medical emergency.
Appendicitis

If the infected appendix leaks instead of ruptures, it can form an abscess. These confines the infection to a small walled off area. However, an abscess can still be dangerous.
xx Appendicitis as a serious medical condition
May 16, 2017, 02:46:45 PM by life4real
Appendicitis What Is Appendicitis?
 Appendicitis is a serious medical  condition in which the appendix becomes inflamed and painful it may be acute or  chronic.
 Appendicitis starts with a pain  in the abdomen it comes and come after a while i.e. on and off, Within hours,  the pain travels to your lower right-hand side, where the appendix is usually  found, and becomes constant and severe.
 It is a medical emergency that  requires prompt surgery to remove the appendix. If you do not  treat it on time, an inflamed appendix will eventually burst, or perforate, spilling infectious materials into the abdominal cavity which is the most dangerous part of it, this is a medical  emergency.
 

 If the infected appendix leaks  instead of ruptures, it can form an abscess. These confines the infection to a  small walled off area. However, an abscess can still be dangerous.
  Causes of Appendicitis       
 Experts said there are two likely  causes of appendicitis, they are:
 Infection: A stomach  infection may have found its way to the appendix.
 Obstruction: is often due  to an accumulation of fecal matter. A hard piece of stool may have got trapped  in the appendix. The bacteria in the trapped stool may then have infected the  appendix, obstruction could be partial or complete.
 Symptoms/Signs of Appendicitis
 At first the pain can be  felt anywhere in the stomach area, but later, as it intensifies, its location  becomes more defined in the lower right-hand side of the abdomen. Symptoms of  appendicitis include:
 
  • Abdominal swelling
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Feeling sick 
  • Inability to pass gas
  • Low grade fever
  • Lower right side abdominal pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • A sense you might feel better after passing  stool
  • Painful coughing or sneezing
  • Pain around the navel (bellybutton)
  • Progressively worsening pain
  • Vomiting   
xx Minister of health said doctors should stop sending renal patients abroad
February 16, 2017, 10:59:11 AM by Charles Dickson
Minister of health said doctors should stop sending renal patients abroad

The Minister of Health, Prof. Isaac Adewole, has urged the Nigerian Association of Nephrology to stop referring renal patients for transplant surgery abroad.

 Adewole said this at the opening of the 29th annual scientific conference and general meeting of NAN at the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital in Ile-Ife, Osun State on Monday.

 He commended the specialists for increasing the number of kidney transplantation done locally compared to the past when most patients were sent to India and the United Kingdom.

 Adewole said, “My challenge to the National Association of Nephrology is to ensure that no Nigeria goes out for renal transplant as from 2018.”

  The minister also challenged the association to work out how screening for kidney disorders could be included in the primary health system of the country. This, according to him, will ensure early detection and prompt treatment of such disorders.

xx Surgical specialties
January 13, 2017, 05:32:20 PM by Success Writer
Surgical specialties

General surgery
Cardiothoracic Breast Colorectal Endocrine Oncological Paediatric (Pediatric) Plastic Skin Transplant Trauma Vascular
craniofacial surgery
Dental surgery
Gynaecology
Neurosurgery
Ophthalmology
Oral and maxillofacial surgery
Orthopaedic surgery
Otolaryngology
Podiatric surgery
Urology
clip What is Herniorrhaphy
January 12, 2017, 10:52:20 PM by life4real
What is Herniorrhaphy






Hernia repair (also referred to as herniorrhaphy or hernioplasty) refers to a surgical operation for the correction of a hernia — a bulging of internal organs or tissues through the wall that contains it. This operation may be performed to correct hernias of the abdomen, groin, diaphragm, brain, or at the site of a previous operation. Hernia repair is often performed as an ambulatory procedure.
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