Medical Surgery

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xx Appendicitis as a serious medical condition
May 16, 2017, 06:46:45 AM by life4real
Appendicitis What Is Appendicitis?
 Appendicitis is a serious medical  condition in which the appendix becomes inflamed and painful it may be acute or  chronic.
 Appendicitis starts with a pain  in the abdomen it comes and come after a while i.e. on and off, Within hours,  the pain travels to your lower right-hand side, where the appendix is usually  found, and becomes constant and severe.
 It is a medical emergency that  requires prompt surgery to remove the appendix. If you do not  treat it on time, an inflamed appendix will eventually burst, or perforate, spilling infectious materials into the abdominal cavity which is the most dangerous part of it, this is a medical  emergency.
 

 If the infected appendix leaks  instead of ruptures, it can form an abscess. These confines the infection to a  small walled off area. However, an abscess can still be dangerous.
  Causes of Appendicitis       
 Experts said there are two likely  causes of appendicitis, they are:
 Infection: A stomach  infection may have found its way to the appendix.
 Obstruction: is often due  to an accumulation of fecal matter. A hard piece of stool may have got trapped  in the appendix. The bacteria in the trapped stool may then have infected the  appendix, obstruction could be partial or complete.
 Symptoms/Signs of Appendicitis
 At first the pain can be  felt anywhere in the stomach area, but later, as it intensifies, its location  becomes more defined in the lower right-hand side of the abdomen. Symptoms of  appendicitis include:
 
  • Abdominal swelling
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Feeling sick 
  • Inability to pass gas
  • Low grade fever
  • Lower right side abdominal pain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • A sense you might feel better after passing  stool
  • Painful coughing or sneezing
  • Pain around the navel (bellybutton)
  • Progressively worsening pain
  • Vomiting   
xx Minister of health said doctors should stop sending renal patients abroad
February 16, 2017, 02:59:11 AM by abejoye
Minister of health said doctors should stop sending renal patients abroad

The Minister of Health, Prof. Isaac Adewole, has urged the Nigerian Association of Nephrology to stop referring renal patients for transplant surgery abroad.

 Adewole said this at the opening of the 29th annual scientific conference and general meeting of NAN at the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital in Ile-Ife, Osun State on Monday.

 He commended the specialists for increasing the number of kidney transplantation done locally compared to the past when most patients were sent to India and the United Kingdom.

 Adewole said, “My challenge to the National Association of Nephrology is to ensure that no Nigeria goes out for renal transplant as from 2018.”

  The minister also challenged the association to work out how screening for kidney disorders could be included in the primary health system of the country. This, according to him, will ensure early detection and prompt treatment of such disorders.

xx Surgical specialties
January 13, 2017, 09:32:20 AM by Success Writer
Surgical specialties

General surgery
Cardiothoracic Breast Colorectal Endocrine Oncological Paediatric (Pediatric) Plastic Skin Transplant Trauma Vascular
craniofacial surgery
Dental surgery
Gynaecology
Neurosurgery
Ophthalmology
Oral and maxillofacial surgery
Orthopaedic surgery
Otolaryngology
Podiatric surgery
Urology
clip What is Herniorrhaphy
January 12, 2017, 02:52:20 PM by life4real
What is Herniorrhaphy






Hernia repair (also referred to as herniorrhaphy or hernioplasty) refers to a surgical operation for the correction of a hernia — a bulging of internal organs or tissues through the wall that contains it. This operation may be performed to correct hernias of the abdomen, groin, diaphragm, brain, or at the site of a previous operation. Hernia repair is often performed as an ambulatory procedure.
clip What is appendicitis?
January 12, 2017, 02:39:41 PM by life4real
What is the appendix?






The appendix is a closed-ended, narrow, worm-like tube up to several inches in length that attaches to the cecum (the first part of the colon). (The anatomical name for the appendix, vermiform appendix, means worm-like appendage.) The inner lining of the appendix produces a small amount of mucus that flows through the open central core of the appendix and into the cecum. The wall of the appendix contains lymphatic tissue that is part of the immune system. Like the rest of the colon, the wall of the appendix also contains a layer of muscle, but the layer of muscle is poorly developed.


Do we need an appendix?


It is not clear if the appendix has an important role in the body in older children and adults. There are no major, long-term health problems resulting from removing the appendix although a slight increase in some diseases has been noted, for example, Crohn's disease
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