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xx 12 medical tests and procedures now being questioned worldwide as unnecessary
Today at 10:05:24 AM by Isaac Adeniran
12 medical tests and procedures now being questioned worldwide as unnecessary.

Doctors are often criticized for prescribing unneeded tests and procedures that harm more than they help and add to medical costs that could otherwise be avoided. 12 medical tests and procedures now being questioned worldwide as unnecessary and potentially cause — sometimes harmful results to patients. Since a campaign was launched last year, more than 130 tests and procedures have been called into question by 25 medical specialty societies with more than 500,000 member doctors. “Millions of Americans are increasingly realizing that when it comes to health care, more is not necessarily better,” said Dr. Christine Cassel, president of the ABIM Foundation. “Through these lists of tests and procedures, we hope to encourage conversations between physicians and patients about what care they truly need.”
United States specialty societies representing more than 500,000 physicians developed lists of Five Things Physicians and Patients Should Question in recognition of the importance of physician and patient conversations to improve care and eliminate unnecessary tests and procedures. See the full list
xx Effect of sexual recklessness on paternity disputes
February 27, 2018, 11:21:49 AM by Isaac Adeniran

According to a forensic geneticist, Dr. Abiodun Salami, 30 per cent of fathers are unknowingly nurturing and investing in children who are not biologically theirs.

Salami, who is also the Chief Medical Director, DNA Centre, Lagos, revealed that 50 per cent of the all paternity tests carried out in his laboratory came out negative and mostly affected were first born children.

He said, “Several surveys have shown that approximately three men in 10 are living under the deception that they are the fathers of another man’s children and with advances in genetic testing, they are more likely than ever to find out the shocking truth. Half of the paternity disputes and tests we carried out in two years showed that the fathers were not biologically related to their children especially when the dispute arose on paternity of first born children.

“We have seen cases of paternity disputes where even the two men claiming paternity to a child are excluded as the biological fathers from test results leaving the mother to look elsewhere for the child’s biological father. I have witnessed shocking cases where men discover that three or four children out of five they had were not fathered by them.”

Salami attributed the increase in paternity disputes and deceptions to infidelity, adultery and increase in sexual recklessness among Nigerian couples.

“This percentage is increasing because of sexual recklessness. Recent trends in sexual health especially in Nigeria suggest that unprotected sex and multiple partners’ relationships are a common occurrence. Another issue is poor family planning among women. Most first born pregnancies are still unplanned.

“I have seen and discussed with women who for one reason or other decide in their own wisdom to give another man’s child to their husbands without the husband’s knowledge.

“As a geneticist, I deal on a daily basis with the fall-out of adultery and other manifestations of selfish behaviour of spouses to their partners. Reproductive deception is morally similar to rape,” he said.

Naturally, when a case of paternity dispute arises in a family, relatives, husbands are quick to accuse the woman. It is assumed that a mother should be able to accurately disclose who the biological father of her child is.

However, Salami noted that only a DNA test could be used to confirm who fathered a child.

According to him, more babies are increasingly being switched without their mothers’ knowledge by nurses, birth attendants and health workers in hospitals.

January 29, 2018, 03:17:59 AM by Isaac Adeniran

Incompetence And Negligence Are Nigerians


Whatever hope I had for, and whatever faith I had in, this country, especially its healthcare system; died a few days ago.The height of negligence and incompetence I came face-to-face with, these few days, left me shattered, and lost for words.

Not just was I  supposedly exposed unduly to a deadly virus, I was left with the headache of trying to contain its spread-- a task that should have been the exclusive reserve of the ministry of health, through its public health department.

And when I developed suggestive symptoms, I was refused treatment by a TEACHING HOSPITAL, and was left to fend for myself, even as I ran cross country, across the length and breadth of Nigeria, sick, exhausted, traumatized; and what more, possibly spreading the virus, as I travelled UNSUPERVISED!

Below is my story. I would be leaving out names, as the individuals involved may also be victims of a failed system just as much as I was. Also, for want of space, I would be leaving out core medical details, like examination and investigation findings.
xx How is Schizoaffective Disorder Treated?
January 01, 2018, 04:49:11 PM by naijatowns
How is Schizoaffective Disorder Treated?
If a person is experiencing psychosis, a neuroleptic (antipsychotic) drug is most often used, since antidepressants and lithium (used for bipolar disorder) take several weeks to start working. Antipsychotic medications should help resolve symptoms quickly, sometimes as quickly as 3-5 days. Long term use of older antipsychotic drugs have been known to cause tardive dyskinesia, a serious and sometimes irreversible disorder of body movement. After symptoms of psychosis improve, mood symptoms may be treated with antidepressants, lithium, anticonvulsants, or electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). Sometimes a neuroleptic is combined with lithium or an antidepressant and then gradually withdrawn, to be restored if necessary. The few studies on drug treatment of this disorder suggest that antipsychotic drugs are most effective. The greater effectiveness of these new drugs may be partly due to their activity at receptors for the neurotransmitter serotonin, which is not influenced as strongly by standard antipsychotic drugs.
Outside of medications, finding help through counseling, family therapy, case management, peer supports, or other enhanced services like supported employment, supported education, or supported housing is very helpful. Mood problems and psychosis are likley to increase with stress and lack of sleep. Supports can help to reduce stress, problem solve, provide additional resouces and education and help understand how best to recover from mental health problems.  For Schizoaffective Disorder, combining therapy and medication treatments will increase chances of recovery.  Having access to various types of treatment might depend on where you live.
xx What is Schizoaffective Disorder
January 01, 2018, 04:47:15 PM by naijatowns
Schizoaffective Disorder

Schizoaffective disorder is characterized by persistent symptoms of psychosis resembling schizophrenia with additional periodic symptoms of mood (or affective) disorders.
Symptoms of Schizoaffective Disorder
The following are symtpoms that a person with Schizoaffective Disorder can experience.
Symptoms of depression:
Feel constantly sad and fatigued
Have lost interest in everyday activities
Are indecisive and unable to concentrate
Sleep and eat too little or too much
Complain of various physical symptoms
May have recurrent thoughts of death and suicide
Symptoms of mania:
Suffering from sleeplessness
Compulsively talkative
Agitated and distractible
Convinced of their own inflated importance
Susceptible to buying sprees
Prone to cheerfulness turning to irritability
Indiscreet sexual advances, and foolish investments
Paranoia, and rage
Symptoms of psychosis:
Hearing or seeing things that aren't there
Bizarre thinking
Difficulty with emotions or appearing apathetic
Changes in speech
Have confused thinking
Strange or out of character behavior
And inappropriate emotional reactions
Difficulty In Distinguishing Illnesses
Schizoaffective Disorder is often confused with Bipolar Disorder with psychotic features. Both diagnosis include mood changes that impact life as well as symptoms of psychosis. A person diagnosed with Schizoaffective Disorder primarily experiences symptoms of psychosis even if mood problems don't exist.  However, when mood problems flare up, such as during a depressed or manic episode, the symptoms of psychosis can worsen. Someone who is diagnosed with Bipolar Disorder with psychotic features often only experiences psychosis during a mood swing.
This distinction is not always as obvious as the description suggests. Emotion and behavior are more fluid and less easy to classify than physical symptoms. If you're not sure about your diagnosis, it's a great question to bring up with your therapist, doctor or support person. A mental health professional can help provide education and clarify issues to make sure you understand your options including treatment.

xx How is Schizophrenia Treated?
January 01, 2018, 04:42:06 PM by naijatowns
How is Schizophrenia Treated?

If you suspect someone you know is experiencing symptoms of schizophrenia, encourage them to see a medical or mental health professional immediately. Early treatment--even as early as the first episode--can mean a better long-term outcome.

Recovery and Rehabilitation
While no cure for schizophrenia exists, many people with this illness can lead productive and fulfilling lives with the proper treatment. Recovery is possible through a variety of services, including medication and rehabilitation programs. Rehabilitation can help a person recover the confidence and skills needed to live a productive and independent life in the community. Types of services that help a person with schizophrenia include:

Case management helps people access services, financial assistance, treatment and other resources.
Psychosocial Rehabilitation Programs are programs that help people regain skills such as: employment, cooking, cleaning, budgeting, shopping, socializing, problem solving, and stress management.

Self-help groups provide on-going support and information to persons with serious mental illness by individuals who experience mental illness themselves.

Drop-in centers are places where individuals with mental illness can socialize and/or receive informal support and services on an as-needed basis.

Housing programs offer a range of support and supervision from 24 hour supervised living to drop-in support as needed.
Employment programs assist individuals in finding employment and/or gaining the skills necessary to re-enter the workforce.
Therapy/Counseling includes different forms of “talk”therapy, both individual and group, that can help both the patient and family members to better understand the illness and share their concerns.
Crisis Services include 24 hour hotlines, after hours counseling, residential placement and in-patient hospitalization.
Coordinated Specialty Care (CSC) has been found to be especially effective in improving outcomes for people after they experience their first episode of psychosis. Coordinated Specialty Care involves a team of providers who work with the individual using shared decision making to implement a multi-faceted program aimed at helping the individual to recover. CSC often includes a combination of case management, therapy, supported employment and education services, support and education for the family of the individual, and/or medication. The CSC team also works closely with the individual's primary care provider. Learn more about CSC through NIMH's Recovery After an Initial Schizophrenia Episode (RAISE) Project.
Antipsychotic Medication
Medications are often used to help control the symptoms of schizophrenia. They help to reduce the biochemical imbalances that cause schizophrenia and decrease the likelihood of relapse. Like all medications, however, anti-psychotic medications should be taken only under the supervision of a mental health professional. Atypical (or "New Generation") antipsychotics are less likely to cause some of the severe side effects associated with typical antipsychotics (i.e. tardive dyskinesia, dystonia, tremors).
There are two major types of antipsychotic medication:
Typical ("conventional") antipsychotics effectively control the “positive”symptoms such as hallucinations, delusions, and confusion of schizophrenia. Some typical antipsychotics are:
Chlorpromazine (Thorazine)
Haloperidol (Haldol)
Mesoridazine (Serentil)
Perphenazine (Trilafon)
Fluphenazine (Proxlixin)
Thioridazine (Mellaril)
Thiothixene (Navane)
Trifluoperazine (Stelazine)
Atypical ("New Generation") antipsychotics treat both the positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia, often with fewer side effects. Some atypical antipsychotics are:
Aripiprazole (Abilify, Aristada)
Asenapine (Saphris)
Brexpiprazole (Rexulti)
Cariprazine (Vraylar)
Clozapine (Clozaril, FazaClo, Versacloz)
Iloperidone (Fanapt)
Lurasidone (Latuda)
Olanzapine (Zyprexa)
Paliperidone (Invega)
Quetiapine (Seroquel)
Risperidone (Risperdal)
Ziprasidone (Geodon)
A third, smaller category of drugs used to treat schizophrenia is known as "miscellaneous antipsychotic agents." Miscellaneous antipsychotic agents function differently than typical or atypical antipsychotic medications. Loxapine (Adasuve, Loxitane) is one such miscellaneous antipsychotic and is used to treat agitation in people with schizophrenia.
Side effects are common with antipsychotic drugs. They range from mild side effects such as dry mouth, blurred vision, constipation, drowsiness and dizziness which usually disappear after a few weeks to more serious side effects such as trouble with muscle control, pacing, tremors and facial ticks. The newer generation of drugs have fewer side effects. However, it is important to talk with your mental health professional before making any changes in medication since many side effects can be controlled.
xx What are the Symptoms of Schizophrenia?
January 01, 2018, 04:39:01 PM by naijatowns
What are the Symptoms of Schizophrenia?
A medical or mental health professional may use the following terms when discussing the symptoms of schizophrenia.
Positive symptoms are disturbances that are “added” to the person’s personality.
Delusions –false ideas--individuals may believe that someone is spying on him or her, or that they are someone famous (or a religious figure).
Hallucinations –seeing, feeling, tasting, hearing or smelling something that doesn’t really exist. The most common experience is hearing imaginary voices that give commands or comments to the individual.
Disordered thinking and speech –moving from one topic to another, in a nonsensical fashion. Individuals may also make up their own words or sounds, rhyme in a way that doesn't make sense, or repeat words and ideas.
Disorganized behavior –this can range from having problems with routine behaviors like hygiene or chosing appropriate clothing for the weather, to unprovoked outbursts, to impulsive and uninhibited actions. A person may also have movements that seem anxious, agitated, tense or constant without any apparent reason. 
Negative symptoms are capabilities that are “lost” from the person’s personality.
Social withdrawal
Extreme apathy (lack of interest or enthusiasm)
Lack of drive or initiative
Emotional flatness
xx What is Schizophrenia?
January 01, 2018, 04:37:32 PM by naijatowns
What is Schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a serious disorder which affects how a person thinks, feels and acts. Someone with schizophrenia may have difficulty distinguishing between what is real and what is imaginary; may be unresponsive or withdrawn; and may have difficulty expressing normal emotions in social situations.
Contrary to public perception, schizophrenia is not split personality or multiple personality. The vast majority of people with schizophrenia are not violent and do not pose a danger to others. Schizophrenia is not caused by childhood experiences, poor parenting or lack of willpower, nor are the symptoms identical for each person.
What Causes Schizophrenia?
The cause of schizophrenia is still unclear. Some theories about the cause of this disease include: genetics (heredity), biology (abnormalities in the brain’s chemistry or structure); and/or possible viral infections and immune disorders.
Genetics (Heredity)

Scientists recognize that the disorder tends to run in families and that a person inherits a tendency to develop the disease. Similar to some other genetically-related illnesses, schizophrenia may appear when the body undergoes hormonal and physical changes (like those that occur during puberty in the teen and young adult years) or after dealing with highly stressful situations.

Chemistry - Scientists believe that people with schizophrenia have an imbalance of the brain chemicals or neurotransmitters: dopamine, glutamate and serotonin. These neurotransmitters allow nerve cells in the brain to send messages to each other. The imbalance of these chemicals affects the way a person’s brain reacts to stimuli--which explains why a person with schizophrenia may be overwhelmed by sensory information (loud music or bright lights) which other people can easily handle. This problem in processing different sounds, sights, smells and tastes can also lead to hallucinations or delusions.
Structure - Some research suggests that problems with the development of connections and pathways in the brain while in the womb may later lead to schizophrenia.
Viral Infections and Immune Disorders

Schizophrenia may also be triggered by environmental events, such as viral infections or immune disorders. For instance, babies whose mothers get the flu while they are pregnant are at higher risk of developing schizophrenia later in life. People who are hospitalized for severe infections are also at higher risk.
What are the Early Warning Signs of Schizophrenia?
The signs of schizophrenia are different for everyone. Symptoms may develop slowly over months or years, or may appear very abruptly. The disease may come and go in cycles of relapse and remission.
Behaviors that are early warning signs of schizophrenia include:
Hearing or seeing something that isn’t there
A constant feeling of being watched
Peculiar or nonsensical way of speaking or writing
Strange body positioning
Feeling indifferent to very important situations
Deterioration of academic or work performance
A change in personal hygiene and appearance
A change in personality
Increasing withdrawal from social situations
Irrational, angry or fearful response to loved ones
Inability to sleep or concentrate
Inappropriate or bizarre behavior
Extreme preoccupation with religion or the occult
Anyone who experiences several of these symptoms for more than two weeks should seek help immediately.
xx What to do if you are unable to pass urine suddenly
December 18, 2017, 11:08:13 PM by abejoye
 he following one of the online jagons! or does it have any scientific basis? UROLOGY/PHYSIOTHERAPHY🏾


What to do if you are unable  to pass urine  suddenly

Recently I met a famous allopathy doctor on account of a medical article. The Doctor Is in his 70s and an ENT specialist.

It was astonishing to listen to one of his experience which he shared. According to him, he woke up one morning with a problem. He had an urge to pass urine but for some reason he was unable to do.

At his age some people are faced with such similar problem to the extent that if they try two or three times they [email protected]  succeed.

In this case, the Doctor has tried severally but same condition. His continuous efforts didn’t bear any result. Just then he realised he has a big problem in his hands.

Though he is a medical doctor, he is not totally immune to such physical problems as he is also made of the same flesh and blood like everyone.

With time, his lower abdomen became heavy and he was unable to sit or stand and was even suffering with the build up pressure.

Immediately he called up a known urologist on phone and explained his situation. The Urologist replied “I am at present in a hospital in the outskirts and I will be coming to a clinic in your area in another one and a half hour. Will you be able to withstand that long?”  The ENT Doctor replied “I will try”.

At that instant the ENT Doctor received an incoming call which happened to be from another allopathy doctor from his home town (Suseendharam).

With great difficulty the ENT doctor explained his situation to his childhood friend doctor.  His friend echoed back “oh, your urine bladder is full and you are unable to pass urine. Don’t worry, do as I suggest, you will be able to pass urine”.

And he started giving the following instructions. “Stand up and jump vigorously …while jumping lift both your hands as though you are trying to pluck mangoes from the tree. Do this for 15 to 20 times”.

What, when the bladder is full he wants me to jump? Though a little being sceptical, the ENT doctor started trying it. What a relief within 5 to 6 time of jumping, the urine started passing. The ENT doctor was overjoyed and thankful to his childhood friend doctor for solving his problem with such simple solution.

Without the aforementioned simple solution, the much troubled ENT Doctor would otherwise have gone on admission in a hospital where they would have inserted a catheter to drain the bladder, apart from injections, anti-biotics etc which have resulted in settling a bill of over Rs 50,000. This is in addition to physical and mental stress for him and his near and dear ones.

Please share this widely for the benefits of others. Forwarded as received. JEI.

xx On World AIDS Day 28,000 condoms distributed
December 02, 2017, 02:36:41 AM by Isaac Adeniran
On World AIDS Day 28,000 condoms distributed

An NGO, AIDS Healthcare Foundation, says it has distributed 28,000 condoms in six states of the federation to commemorate the 2017 World AIDS Day.

The Senior Nursing Officer of AHF, Mrs. Christy Awunor, made this known in Abuja on Friday while speaking at an event commemorating the World AIDS Day.

Awunor said that distribution of the condoms would help to increase awareness on the use of condoms and its role in preventing spread of HIV/AIDS.
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